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Significance and Use
4.1 Water content in fuel gas is the major factor influencing internal corrosion. Hydrates, a semisolid combination of hydrocarbons and water, will form under the proper conditions causing serious operating problems. Fuel heating value is reduced by water concentration. Water concentration levels are therefore frequently measured in natural gas systems. A common pipeline specification is 4 to 7 lb/MMSCF. This test method describes measurement of water vapor content with direct readout electronic instrumentation.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the water vapor content of gaseous fuels by the use of electronic moisture analyzers. Such analyzers commonly use sensing cells based on phosphorus pentoxide, P2O5, aluminum oxide, Al2O3, or silicon sensors piezoelectric-type cells and laser based technologies.
1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1142 Test Method for Water Vapor Content of Gaseous Fuels by Measurement of Dew-Point Temperature
D1145 Test Method for Sampling Natural Gas
D4178 Practice for Calibrating Moisture Analyzers
ICS Number Code 75.160.30 (Gaseous fuels)
UNSPSC Code 15111500(Gaseous fuels)
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ASTM D5454-11(2020), Standard Test Method for Water Vapor Content of Gaseous Fuels Using Electronic Moisture Analyzers, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.orgBack to Top