ASTM D5397 - 19a

    Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Stress Crack Resistance of Polyolefin Geomembranes Using Notched Constant Tensile Load Test

    Active Standard ASTM D5397 | Developed by Subcommittee: D35.02

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.13


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This test method does not purport to interpret the resulting response curve. Such interpretation is left to the parties involved in the commissioning and reporting of the test results.

    5.2 This test method is intended as an index test and may be used for grading polyolefin geomembrane sheets in regard to their stress-cracking sensitivity.

    5.2.1 Conditions that can affect stress cracking include: level of loading, test temperature and environment, microstructure, polymer additive package, processing history, and thermal history.

    5.3 The test method is applicable to smooth, homogeneous polyolefin geomembranes where the two sides are parallel to permit application of the stress on a well-defined surface delimited by the surface of the geomembrane on one side, and the bottom of the notch on the other side.

    5.4 The test is applicable to textured geomembranes when prepared as described in 8.3.2.

    5.5 The test may be applicable to multi-component geomembranes (such as white, conductive, or other non-homogeneous sheets) or limited to the evaluation of the base polymer when prepared as described in 8.3.3.

    5.6 The test is not applicable to bituminous, EPDM, plasticized PVC, and other non-polyolefin geomembranes, as these materials are not susceptible to slow crack growth.

    5.7 This test method may not be applied to polyolefin geomembranes that do not exhibit a well-defined yield point, such as some VLDPE and LLDPE.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method is used to develop test data from which the susceptibility of polyolefin geomembrane sheet material to stress cracking under a constant tensile load condition and an accelerated environmental condition can be evaluated.

    1.2 This test method measures the failure time associated with a given test specimen at a specified tensile load level. Results from a series of such tests utilizing a range of load levels can be used to construct a stress-time plot on a log-log axis.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The inch-pound units given in parentheses are provided for information only.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics

    D4354 Practice for Sampling of Geosynthetics and Rolled Erosion Control Products (RECPs) for Testing

    D4439 Terminology for Geosynthetics

    D4703 Practice for Compression Molding Thermoplastic Materials into Test Specimens, Plaques, or Sheets

    D5199 Test Method for Measuring the Nominal Thickness of Geosynthetics

    D6693/D6693M Test Method for Determining Tensile Properties of Nonreinforced Polyethylene and Nonreinforced Flexible Polypropylene Geomembranes


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 59.080.70 (Geotextiles)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
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    DOI: 10.1520/D5397-19A

    Citation Format

    ASTM D5397-19a, Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Stress Crack Resistance of Polyolefin Geomembranes Using Notched Constant Tensile Load Test, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2019, www.astm.org

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