ASTM D5386 - 16

    Standard Test Method for Color of Liquids Using Tristimulus Colorimetry

    Active Standard ASTM D5386 | Developed by Subcommittee: D16.04

    Book of Standards Volume: 06.04


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 The primary objective of the visual method of Pt-Co color measurement, as defined in Test Method D8005, is to rate specific materials for yellowness. This yellowness is frequently the result of the undesirable tendency of liquid hydrocarbons to absorb blue light due to contamination in processing, storage or shipping.

    4.2 Clear liquids can be rated for light absorbing yellowish or brownish contaminants using scales that simulate the long-established visual-comparison method.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers an instrumental method for the CIE (Commission International de l’Eclairage) tristimulus measurement of the color of near-clear liquid samples. The transmission measurement values are converted to the color scale in the platinum-cobalt (Pt-Co) system.

    1.2 This test method has been found applicable to the color measurement of clear, liquid samples, free of haze, with nominal Pt-Co color values in the 0 to 100 range. It is applicable to non-fluorescent liquids with light absorption characteristics similar to those of the Pt-Co color standard solutions.

    1.3 The tristimulus colorimetry may be calculated from spectral measurements or be obtained directly from a colorimeter. Practice E1455 provides some guidance on colorimeters, while Test Methods D1686 and D2108 deal with the visual and instrumental measurement of near-clear liquids.

    1.4 In determining the conformance of the test results using this method to applicable specifications, results shall be rounded in accordance with the rounding off methods of Practice E29.

    1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see Section 8.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D1686 Test Method for Color of Solid Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Related Materials in the Molten State (Platinum-Cobalt Scale)

    D2108 Test Method for Color of Halogenated Organic Solvents and Their Admixtures (Platinum-Cobalt Scale)

    D3437 Practice for Sampling and Handling Liquid Cyclic Products

    D6809 Guide for Quality Control and Quality Assurance Procedures for Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Related Materials

    D8005 Test Method for Color of Clear Liquids (Platinum-Cobalt Scale)

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    E179 Guide for Selection of Geometric Conditions for Measurement of Reflection and Transmission Properties of Materials

    E308 Practice for Computing the Colors of Objects by Using the CIE System

    E313 Practice for Calculating Yellowness and Whiteness Indices from Instrumentally Measured Color Coordinates

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method

    E1455 Practice for Obtaining Colorimetric Data from a Visual Display Unit Using Tristimulus Colorimeters


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 71.080.01 (Organic chemicals in general)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 12352005(Aromatic or heterocyclic compounds)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D5386-16

    Citation Format

    ASTM D5386-16, Standard Test Method for Color of Liquids Using Tristimulus Colorimetry, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.org

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