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This practice described standard procedures for extracting nonvolatile and semivolatile organic compounds from solids such as soils, sediments, sludges, and granular wastes using Soxhlet extraction.
Formerly under the jurisdiction of Committee D34 on Waste Management, this practice was withdrawn in February 2016. This standard is being withdrawn without replacement due to its limited use by industry.
1.1 This practice describes standard procedures for extracting nonvolatile and semivolatile organic compounds from solids such as soils, sediments, sludges, and granular wastes using Soxhlet extraction.
1.1.1 The sample must be suitable for being mixed with the sample drying agent, sodium sulfate or magnesium sulfate, to provide drying of all sample surfaces.
1.2 This practice, when used in conjunction with Test Method D 5368
1.3 This practice is limited to solvents having boiling points below the boiling point of water at ambient pressure.
1.4 The solvent extract obtained by this practice may be analyzed for total or specific nonvolatile and semivolatile organic compounds but may require sample clean-up procedures prior to specific compound analysis.
1.4.1 This practice provides sample extracts suitable for analysis by various techniques such as gas chromatography with flame ionization detection (GC/FID) or gas chromatography with mass spectrometric detection (GC/MS).
1.5 This practice is recommended only for solid samples that can pass through a 10-mesh sieve (approximately 2-mm openings), or are less than 2 mm in thickness.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific precautions see Section 9.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D75 Practice for Sampling Aggregates
D420 Guide to Site Characterization for Engineering Design and Construction Purposes
D2234/D2234M Practice for Collection of a Gross Sample of Coal
D2910 Method for Removal of Organic Matter from Water by Activated Carbon Absorption
D3086 Test Method for Organochlorine Pesticides in Water
D3694 Practices for Preparation of Sample Containers and for Preservation of Organic Constituents
D3975 Practice for Development and Use (Preparation) of Samples for Collaborative Testing of Methods for Analysis of Sediments
D3976 Practice for Preparation of Sediment Samples for Chemical Analysis
D4281 Test Method for Oil and Grease (Fluorocarbon Extractable Substances) by Gravimetric Determination
D5368 Test Methods for Gravimetric Determination of Total Solvent Extractable Content (TSEC) of Solid Waste Samples
E122 Practice for Calculating Sample Size to Estimate, With Specified Precision, the Average for a Characteristic of a Lot or Process
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ASTM D5369-93(2008)e1, Standard Practice for Extraction of Solid Waste Samples for Chemical Analysis Using Soxhlet Extraction (Withdrawn 2016), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2008, www.astm.orgBack to Top