ASTM D5315 - 04(2017)e1

    Standard Test Method for Determination of N-Methyl-Carbamoyloximes and N-Methylcarbamates in Water by Direct Aqueous Injection HPLC with Post-Column Derivatization

    Active Standard ASTM D5315 | Developed by Subcommittee: D19.06

    Book of Standards Volume: 11.02


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 N-methylcarbamates and n-methylcarbomoyloximes are used in agriculture as insecticides and herbicides. They are sometimes found in both surface and ground waters and can be toxic to animals and plants at moderate to high concentrations. The manufacturing precursors and degradation products may be equally as hazardous to the environment.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This is a high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) test method applicable to the determination of certain n-methylcarbamoyloximes and n-methylcarbamates in ground water and finished drinking water (1).2 This test method is applicable to any carbamate analyte that can be hydrolyzed to a primary amine. The following compounds have been validated using this test method:

    Analyte

    Chemical Abstract Services
    Registry Number A

       Aldicarb

          116-06-3

       Aldicarb sulfone

          1646-88-4

       Aldicarb sulfoxide

          1646-87-3

       Baygon

          114-26-1

       Carbaryl

          63-25-2

       Carbofuran

          1563-66-2

       3-Hydroxycarbofuran

          16655-82-6

       Methiocarb

          2032-65-7

       Methomyl

          16752-77-5

       Oxamyl

          23135-22-0

    (A) Numbering system of Chemical Abstracts, Inc.

    1.2 This test method has been validated in a collaborative round-robin study (2) and estimated detection limits (EDLs) have been determined for the analytes listed in 1.1 (Table 1). Observed detection limits may vary between ground waters, depending on the nature of interferences in the sample matrix and the specific instrumentation used.

    (A) Primary column—250 by 4.6 mm inside diameter Altex Ultrasphere ODS, 5 μm.
    (B) Confirmation column—250 by 4.6 mm inside diameter Supelco LC-1, 5 μm.
    (C) Estimated method detection limit in micrograms per litre.

    1.3 This test method is restricted to use by, or under the supervision of, analysts experienced in both the use of liquid chromatography and the interpretation of liquid chromatograms. Each analyst should demonstrate an ability to generate acceptable results with this test method using the procedure described in 12.3.

    1.4 When this test method is used to analyze unfamiliar samples for any or all of the analytes listed in 1.1, analyte identifications should be confirmed by at least one additional qualitative technique.

    1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Additional guidance on laboratory safety is available and suitable references for the information are provided (3-5).

    1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1129 Terminology Relating to Water

    D1192 Guide for Equipment for Sampling Water and Steam in Closed Conduits

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D2777 Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias of Applicable Test Methods of Committee D19 on Water

    D3370 Practices for Sampling Water from Closed Conduits

    D3694 Practices for Preparation of Sample Containers and for Preservation of Organic Constituents

    E682 Practice for Liquid Chromatography Terms and Relationships

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Standard

    EPA Method 531.1 Revision 3.0, USEPA, EMSL-Cincinnati, 1989

    EPA Method 531.2 Revision 1.0, USEPA, EMSL-Cincinnati, 2001


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 71.080.30 (Organic nitrogen compounds)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 70171601(Water quality management)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D5315-04R17E01

    Citation Format

    ASTM D5315-04(2017)e1, Standard Test Method for Determination of N-Methyl-Carbamoyloximes and N-Methylcarbamates in Water by Direct Aqueous Injection HPLC with Post-Column Derivatization, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.org

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