ASTM D5 / D5M - 19

    Standard Test Method for Penetration of Bituminous Materials

    Active Standard ASTM D5 / D5M | Developed by Subcommittee: D04.44

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.03


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 The penetration test is used as a measure of consistency. Higher values of penetration indicate softer consistency.

    Note 2: The quality of the results produced by this standard are dependent on the competence of the personnel performing the procedure and the capability, calibration, and maintenance of the equipment used. Agencies that meet the criteria of Specification D3666 are generally considered capable of competent and objective testing, sampling, inspection, etc. Users of this standard are cautioned that compliance with Specification D3666 alone does not completely ensure reliable results. Reliable results depend on many factors; following the suggestions of Specification D3666 or some similar acceptable guideline provides a means of evaluating and controlling some of those factors.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers determination of the penetration of semi-solid and solid bituminous materials.

    1.2 The needles, containers, and other conditions described in this test method provide for the determinations of penetrations up to 500.

    Note 1: See the section on Penetration of Test Methods D244 for information and precision and bias on testing emulsion residue.

    1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard.

    1.4 The text of this standard references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the standard.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D8 Terminology Relating to Materials for Roads and Pavements

    D36/D36M Test Method for Softening Point of Bitumen (Ring-and-Ball Apparatus)

    D244 Test Methods and Practices for Emulsified Asphalts

    D3666 Specification for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Testing and Inspecting Road and Paving Materials

    E1 Specification for ASTM Liquid-in-Glass Thermometers

    E77 Test Method for Inspection and Verification of Thermometers

    E1137/E1137M Specification for Industrial Platinum Resistance Thermometers

    E2251 Specification for Liquid-in-Glass ASTM Thermometers with Low-Hazard Precision Liquids

    ANSI Standard

    B46.1 Surface Texture Available from American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 25 W. 43rd St., 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036, http://www.ansi.org.

    ISO Standard

    ISO Standard 468


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.140 (Waxes, bituminous materials and other petroleum products)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30121500(Bituminous derivatives)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D0005_D0005M-19

    Citation Format

    ASTM D5 / D5M-19, Standard Test Method for Penetration of Bituminous Materials, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2019, www.astm.org

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