ASTM D4940 - 15(2020)

    Standard Test Method for Conductimetric Analysis of Water Soluble Ionic Contamination of Blast Cleaning Abrasives

    Active Standard ASTM D4940 | Developed by Subcommittee: D01.46

    Book of Standards Volume: 06.02


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 Abrasive media may contain ionic contamination naturally (for example, beach sand), from manufacturing (quenching with contaminated water), transportation, storage or use (in the case of abrasive that is reused). Ionic contamination on the abrasive may transfer to the surface during abrasive blast cleaning, resulting in potential osmotic blistering, accelerated underfilm corrosion and premature coating failure.

    4.2 This test method describes a shop/field procedure for assessing the level of conductive species on an abrasive.

    4.3 Abrasive standards published by SSPC (AB) and ISO 11126 provide tolerance levels for water soluble contaminants of the abrasive.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method describes a procedure for assessing blast cleaning abrasives for the presence of conductive-potential, ionic contaminants by determining the total concentration of water soluble conductive species using a conductivity test.

    1.2 This test method does not identify the ionic species present nor provide quantitative results on each species.

    1.3 This test method is based on a volume comparison among abrasives of similar sizes. A volume comparison is more closely related to surface area of the abrasives than is a weight comparison.

    1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    Other Standard

    ISO 11127-6 Preparation of Steel Substrates before Application of Paints and Related Products - Test Methods for Non-Metallic Blast Cleaning Abrasives - Part 6: Determination of Water-Soluble Contaminants by Conductivity Measurement Available from American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 25 W. 43rd St., 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036, http://www.ansi.org.

    ASTM Standards

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    E832 Specification for Laboratory Filter Papers


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 25.220.10 (Surface preparation)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31191500(Abrasives and abrasive media)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D4940-15R20

    Citation Format

    ASTM D4940-15(2020), Standard Test Method for Conductimetric Analysis of Water Soluble Ionic Contamination of Blast Cleaning Abrasives, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.org

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