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    ASTM D4889 - 21

    Standard Test Methods for Polyurethane Raw Materials: Determination of Viscosity of Crude or Modified Isocyanates

    Active Standard ASTM D4889 | Developed by Subcommittee: D20.22

    Book of Standards Volume: 08.02


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 These test methods can be used for research, quality control, or specification tests to characterize isocyanates used in polyurethane products.

    4.2 Viscosity measures the resistance of a fluid to uniform continuous flow without turbulence or other forces.

    4.3 Some isocyanates exhibit non-Newtonian behavior under certain conditions. Whenever possible, generate results for comparison under the same conditions, that is, the same spindle/speed combination for rotational viscosity and the same tube size for kinematic viscosity.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods (A and B) determine the viscosity of crude or modified isocyanates. They are applicable to products derived from toluene diisocyanate, methylene di(phenylisocyanate), and polymeric (methylene phenylisocyanate) (see Note 1).

    Note 1: Test method A includes a procedure for measuring dynamic viscosity using a rotational instrument. Test method B is a general procedure for kinematic viscosity of isocyanate.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazards statement, see Warning at the end of 5.1.

    Note 2: Test Method A is equivalent to ISO 3219, Test Method B is equivalent to ISO 3104.

    1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D445 Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)

    D446 Specifications and Operating Instructions for Glass Capillary Kinematic Viscometers

    D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics

    E456 Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics

    E2251 Specification for Liquid-in-Glass ASTM Thermometers with Low-Hazard Precision Liquids

    E2935 Practice for Conducting Equivalence Tests for Comparing Testing Processes

    ISO Standards

    ISO 3104

    ISO 3219 PlasticsPolymers/Resins in the Liquid State or as Emulsions or DispersionsDetermination of Viscosity Using a Rotational Viscometer with Defined Shear Rate


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 83.040.30 (Auxiliary materials and additives for plastics); 83.080.20 (Thermoplastic materials)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 12352100(Organic derivatives and substituted compounds)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D4889-21

    Citation Format

    ASTM D4889-21, Standard Test Methods for Polyurethane Raw Materials: Determination of Viscosity of Crude or Modified Isocyanates, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2021, www.astm.org

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