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    ASTM D4851 - 07(2019)e1

    Standard Test Methods for Coated and Laminated Fabrics for Architectural Use

    Active Standard ASTM D4851 | Developed by Subcommittee: D13.59

    Book of Standards Volume: 07.02

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    Significance and Use

    5.1 The procedures in this standard can be used for acceptance testing of commercial shipments of coated and laminated fabrics for architectural use since these test methods have been used extensively in the trade for acceptance testing. Caution is advised, however, when testing adhesion of coating to fabric and breaking strength after crease fold because between laboratory precision is known to be poor (see 24.2). For these cases, comparative tests conducted, as directed in 5.1.1, may be advisable.

    5.1.1 In cases of a dispute arising from differences in reported test results when using Test Methods D4851 for acceptance testing of commercial shipments, the purchaser and the supplier should conduct comparative tests to determine if there is a statistical bias between their laboratories. Competent statistical assistance is recommended for the investigation of bias. As a minimum, the two parties should take a group of test specimens which are as homogeneous as possible and from a lot of material of the type in question. The test specimens should then be randomly assigned in equal numbers to each laboratory for testing. The average results from the two laboratories should be compared using appropriate statistical analysis for unpaired data and an acceptable probability level chosen by the two parties before the testing is begun. If a bias is found, either its cause must be found and corrected or the purchaser and the supplier must agree to interpret future test results with consideration of the known bias.

    5.2 The uses and significance of specific properties are discussed in the appropriate sections of specific test methods.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods cover the testing of coated and laminated fabrics made primarily for use in fabric roof systems. These coated and laminated fabrics are generally in either an air supported or tension supported construction of fabric roof systems.

    1.2 These methods can be used for most fiber-based, coated and laminated architectural fabrics.

    1.3 This standard includes the following sections that provide test procedures for coated and laminated architectural fabrics:



    Fabric Count


    Mass per Unit Area


    Fabric Thickness


    Fabric Width


    Fabric Length


    Fabric Bow


    Adhesion of Coating to Fabric


    Uniaxial Elongation Under Static Load


    Fabric Breaking Force


    Breaking Strength After Crease Fold


    Elongation at Break


    Fabric Trapezoid Tear Force


    Resistance to Accelerated Weathering


    Solar Optical Properties


    Fabric Flame Resistance


    Noise Reduction Coefficient


    1.4 These test methods include only testing procedures and do not include specifications or tolerances. They are intended as a guide for specifications. Any of these methods may be used in material specifications to evaluate requirements for a specific end use as related to a particular job.

    1.5 The values stated in either SI or inch-pound units are to regarded separately as the standard. Within the text, the inch-pound units are shown in parentheses. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific warning statements are given in 14.1, A1.3.3.1, A2.3.3.1, and A3.3.3.1.

    1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C423 Test Method for Sound Absorption and Sound Absorption Coefficients by the Reverberation Room Method

    D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles

    D751 Test Methods for Coated Fabrics

    D1003 Test Method for Haze and Luminous Transmittance of Transparent Plastics

    D1776 Practice for Conditioning and Testing Textiles

    D1777 Test Method for Thickness of Textile Materials

    D2904 Practice for Interlaboratory Testing of a Textile Test Method that Produces Normally Distributed Data

    D2906 Practice for Statements on Precision and Bias for Textiles

    D3773 Test Methods for Length of Woven Fabric

    D3774 Test Method for Width of Textile Fabric

    D3775 Test Method for End (Warp) and Pick (Filling) Count of Woven Fabrics

    D3776 Test Methods for Mass Per Unit Area (Weight) of Fabric

    D3882 Test Method for Bow and Skew in Woven and Knitted Fabrics

    D4850 Terminology Relating to Fabrics and Fabric Test Methods

    D5035 Test Method for Breaking Force and Elongation of Textile Fabrics (Strip Method)

    D5587 Test Method for Tearing Strength of Fabrics by Trapezoid Procedure

    E84 Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials

    E108 Test Methods for Fire Tests of Roof Coverings

    E136 Test Method for Assessing Combustibility of Materials Using a Vertical Tube Furnace at 750C

    E424 Test Methods for Solar Energy Transmittance and Reflectance (Terrestrial) of Sheet Materials

    G23 Practice for Operating Light-Exposure Apparatus (Carbon-Arc Type) With and Without Water for Exposure of Nonmetallic Materials

    G26 Practice for Operating Light-Exposure Apparatus (Xenon-Arc Type) With and Without Water for Exposure of Nonmetallic Materials (Discontinued 2001)

    Federal Standards

    Federal Test Method Standard191b, Method5903, Vertical Flame Resistance of Cloth Available from U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, 732 N. Capitol St., NW, Washington, DC 20401-0001, http://www.access.gpo.gov.

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 59.080.40 (Coated fabrics)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 11162112(Coated fabrics)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D4851-07R19E01

    Citation Format

    ASTM D4851-07(2019)e1, Standard Test Methods for Coated and Laminated Fabrics for Architectural Use, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2015, www.astm.org

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