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Significance and Use
5.1 The techniques of air monitoring are many and varied. This guide is intended to describe standard approaches that are used in designing an air monitoring program to protect waste management site workers.
5.2 When entering a remedial action site to initiate an investigation or a cleanup operation, operating personnel may be faced with fire, explosion, and acute or chronic health hazards. A robust safety and health program, including site-specific injury and illness prevention program (IIPP) and a safety and health plan, must be in place to direct worker activity. Details for such plans can be found in the OSHA Interim Final Rule for Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response and Refs (. , ) Air monitoring is an integral part of such a program. This guide describes equipment and sampling procedures which can be used to evaluate the airborne hazard potential so as to gain and maintain a safe work environment at the site.
5.3 Upon obtaining air quality measurements at the site, a decision must be made as to whether conditions are under control and safe or not. That decision will depend on the nature and concentrations of the contaminants (toxicity, reactivity, volatility, etc.), the spatial extent (area affected, number of workers, etc.) of the contaminants, and the level of worker protection available and needed. Since all such parameters are typically site specific, this guide does not include air quality measurement based guidance on decision making.
5.4 This guide does not include monitoring sites containing radioactive materials, nor does it cover general safety aspects, such as access to emergency equipment or medical support for emergency needs. These items should be covered in a work place safety and health plan.
5.5 Ideally, this guide is used in combination with Guide .
1.1 This guide is intended to provide a standardized approach for establishing and carrying out an air monitoring program to protect workers at waste management facilities. This guide may apply to routine operations at an active treatment, storage, or disposal site or the extraordinary conditions that can be encountered in opening and cleaning up a remedial action site.
1.2 The user shall understand that it is impossible to predict all the issues that could arise at a waste management facility due to hazardous airborne emissions. Although air contaminant measurements obtained in accordance with this guide may indicate acceptable or tolerable levels of toxic agents are present, care and judgment must still be exercised before concluding that all atmospheric contaminants at the site are under control and that a reasonable safe work environment exists.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1356 Terminology Relating to Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres
D1605 Practices for Sampling Atmospheres for Analysis of Gases and Vapors
D2820 Test Method for C Through C Hydrocarbons in the Atmosphere by Gas Chromatography
D2913 Test Method for Mercaptan Content of the Atmosphere
D3162 Test Method for Carbon Monoxide in the Atmosphere (Continuous Measurement by Nondispersive Infrared Spectrometry)
D3249 Practice for General Ambient Air Analyzer Procedures
D3269 Test Methods for Analysis for Fluoride Content of the Atmosphere and Plant Tissues (Manual Procedures)
D3413 Test Method for Lead (Inorganic) in Workplace Atmospheres by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
D3449 Test Method for Sulfur Dioxide in Workplace Atmospheres (Barium Perchlorate Method)
D3476 Test Method for bis (Chloromethyl) Ether (bis CME) in Workplace Atmospheres (Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry)
D3614 Guide for Laboratories Engaged in Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres and Emissions
D3686 Practice for Sampling Atmospheres to Collect Organic Compound Vapors (Activated Charcoal Tube Adsorption Method)
D3687 Practice for Analysis of Organic Compound Vapors Collected by the Activated Charcoal Tube Adsorption Method
D3824 Test Methods for Continuous Measurement of Oxides of Nitrogen in the Ambient or Workplace Atmosphere by the Chemiluminescent Method
D4185 Practice for Measurement of Metals in Workplace Atmospheres by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
D4240 Test Method for Airborne Asbestos Concentration in Workplace Atmosphere
D4323 Test Method for Hydrogen Sulfide in the Atmosphere by Rate of Change of Reflectance
D4490 Practice for Measuring the Concentration of Toxic Gases or Vapors Using Detector Tubes
D4532 Test Method for Respirable Dust in Workplace Atmospheres Using Cyclone Samplers
D4599 Practice for Measuring the Concentration of Toxic Gases or Vapors Using Length-of-Stain Dosimeters
D4600 Test Method for Determination of Benzene-Soluble Particulate Matter in Workplace Atmospheres
D4687 Guide for General Planning of Waste Sampling
D5681 Terminology for Waste and Waste Management
D6561 Test Method for Determination of Aerosol Monomeric and Oligomeric Hexamethylene Diisocyanate (HDl) in Air with (Methoxy-2-phenyl-1) Piperazine (MOPIP) in the Workplace
D6562 Test Method for Determination of Gaseous Hexamethylene Diisocyanate (HDI) in Air with 9-(N-methylaminomethyl) Anthracene Method (MAMA) in the Workplace
D6785 Test Method for Determination of Lead in Workplace Air Using Flame or Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
D6832 Test Method for the Determination of Hexavalent Chromium in Workplace Air by Ion Chromatography and Spectrophotometric Measurement Using 1,5-diphenylcarbazide
D7035 Test Method for Determination of Metals and Metalloids in Airborne Particulate Matter by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
D7036 Practice for Competence of Air Emission Testing Bodies
D7539 Practice for Using a Test Chamber for Humidity Conditioning of Test Panels of Pavement Marking Paints
D7773 Test Method for Determination of Volatile Inorganic Acids (HCl, HBr, and HNO3 ) Using Filter Sampling and Suppressed Ion Chromatography
D7948 Test Method for Measurement of Respirable Crystalline Silica in Workplace Air by Infrared Spectrometry
E1370 Guide for Air Sampling Strategies for Worker and Workplace Protection
ISO StandardISO 17025 General Requirements for the Competence of Testing and Calibration Laboratories Adopted by ASTM as an American National Standard.
Federal StandardsNIOSH Manual for Analytical Methods Fifth edition manual, January 2015, available from the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, (NIOSH), Cincinnati, OH. OSHA, 29 CFR Part 1910 Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response; Interim Final Rule, December 1986 Available from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 20401. OSHA
ICS Number Code 13.030.40 (Installations and equipment for waste disposal and treatment); 13.040.40 (Stationary source emissions)
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ASTM D4844-16, Standard Guide for Air Monitoring at Waste Management Facilities for Worker Protection, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.orgBack to Top