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    ASTM D4687 - 14

    Standard Guide for General Planning of Waste Sampling

    Active Standard ASTM D4687 | Developed by Subcommittee: D34.01.01

    Book of Standards Volume: 11.04

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    Significance and Use

    3.1 The procedures covered in this guide are general and provide the user with information helpful for writing sampling plans, safety plans, labeling and shipping procedures, chain-of-custody procedures, general sampling procedures, general cleaning procedures, and general preservation procedures.

    3.2 For purposes of this guide, it is assumed that the user has knowledge of the waste being sampled and the possible safety hazards.

    3.3 This guide is not to be used when sampling sites or wastes when safety hazards are unknown. In such cases, the user shall use other more appropriate procedures.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide provides information for formulating and planning the many aspects of waste sampling (see 1.2) that are common to most waste sampling situations.

    1.2 The aspects of sampling that this guide addresses are as follows:



    Safety plans


    Sampling plans


    Quality assurance considerations


    General sampling considerations


    Preservation and containerization


    Cleaning equipment


    Packaging, labeling, and shipping procedures


    Chain-of-custody procedure


    1.3 This guide does not provide comprehensive sampling procedures for these aspects, nor does it serve as a guide to any specific application. It is the responsibility of the user to assure that the procedures used are proper and adequate.

    1.4 Units—The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For more specific precautionary statements see 3.2, 3.3, and Section 4.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E122 Practice for Calculating Sample Size to Estimate, With Specified Precision, the Average for a Characteristic of a Lot or Process

    Other Document

    EPA-SW-846 Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods Available from Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 13.030.10 (Solid wastes)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 77100000(Environmental management)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D4687-14

    Citation Format

    ASTM D4687-14, Standard Guide for General Planning of Waste Sampling, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2014, www.astm.org

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