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    ASTM D4645-08

    Standard Test Method for Determination of In-Situ Stress in Rock Using Hydraulic Fracturing Method (Withdrawn 2017)

    Withdrawn Standard: ASTM D4645-08 | Developed by Subcommittee: D18.12


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    Withdrawn Rationale:

    This test method covers the determination of the in-situ state of stress in rock by hydraulic fracturing.

    Formerly under the jurisdiction of Committee D18 on Soil and Rock, this test method was withdrawn in January 2017 in accordance with section 10.6.3 of the Regulations Governing ASTM Technical Committees, which requires that standards shall be updated by the end of the eighth year since the last approval date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of the in-situ state of stress in rock by hydraulic fracturing.

    Note 1—Hydraulic fracturing for stress determination is also referred to as hydrofracturing, and sometimes as minifracing. Hydraulic fracturing and hydrofracturing may also refer to fracturing of the rock by fluid pressure for the purpose of altering rock properties, such as permeability and porosity.

    1.2 Hydraulic fracturing is the widely accepted field method available for in situ stress measurements at depths greater than 50 m. It can be used in drill holes of any diameter.

    1.3 Hydraulic fracturing can also be used in short holes for which other stress measuring methods, such as overcoring, are also available. The advantage of hydraulic fracturing is that it yields stresses averaged over a few square metres (the size of the induced hydraulic fracture) rather than over grain size areas, as in the case of overcoring techniques.

    1.4 All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice D 6026.

    1.4.1 The method used to specifiy how data are collected, calculated, or recorded in this standard is not directly related to the accuracy to which the data can be applied in design or other uses, or both. How one applies the results obtained using this standard is beyond its scope.

    1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.



    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D653 Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids

    D2113 Practice for Rock Core Drilling and Sampling of Rock for Site Investigation

    D3740 Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction

    D5079 Practices for Preserving and Transporting Rock Core Samples

    D6026 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data


    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/D4645-08

    Citation Format

    ASTM D4645-08, Standard Test Method for Determination of In-Situ Stress in Rock Using Hydraulic Fracturing Method (Withdrawn 2017), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2008, www.astm.org

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