ASTM D4577 - 19

    Standard Test Method for Compression Resistance of a Container Under Constant Load

    Active Standard ASTM D4577 | Developed by Subcommittee: D10.21

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.10


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 In the distribution system for many products there is a phase wherein the packaged product may be stored for a period of time in a manner such that one or more containers are superimposed one upon the other. Failure can occur in any layer4 (see Fig. 1 and Fig. 3).

    FIG. 1 Containers Under Constant Load of Dead Weights Imposed by Other Containers

    Containers Under Constant Load of Dead Weights Imposed
 by Other Containers

    FIG. 2 Container Under Constant Load of Dead Weights

    Container Under Constant Load of Dead Weights

    FIG. 3 Containers Under Constant Load in Compression Test Machine With Fixed Platen

    Containers Under Constant Load in Compression Test
 Machine With Fixed Platen

    4.2 This test method subjects a container, empty or filled, to a predetermined static load, and to specified atmospheric conditions, if required.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method is designed to determine the resistance of a shipping container to a vertically applied constant load for either a specified time or to failure. The test method may also be used for palletized or unitized load configurations.

    1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific precautionary statements, see Section 6.

    1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D642 Test Method for Determining Compressive Resistance of Shipping Containers, Components, and Unit Loads

    D685 Practice for Conditioning Paper and Paper Products for Testing

    D996 Terminology of Packaging and Distribution Environments

    D4332 Practice for Conditioning Containers, Packages, or Packaging Components for Testing

    D4442 Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Based Materials

    E122 Practice for Calculating Sample Size to Estimate, With Specified Precision, the Average for a Characteristic of a Lot or Process

    TAPPI Standard

    T412 Moisture in pulp, paper and paperboard


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 55.040 (Packaging materials and accessories)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 24110000(Containers and storage)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D4577-19

    Citation Format

    ASTM D4577-19, Standard Test Method for Compression Resistance of a Container Under Constant Load, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2019, www.astm.org

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