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    ASTM D4554-12

    Standard Test Method for In Situ Determination of Direct Shear Strength of Rock Discontinuities (Withdrawn 2021)

    Withdrawn Standard: ASTM D4554-12 | Developed by Subcommittee: D18.12


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    Withdrawn Rationale:

    This test method covers the measurement of peak and residual direct shear strength in a drained condition of in situ rock discontinuities as a function of stress normal to the sheared plane. This sheared plane is usually a significant discontinuity that may or may not be filled with gouge or soil-like material.

    Formerly under the jurisdiction of Committee D18 on Soil and Rock, this test method was withdrawn in July 2021 in accordance with section 10.6.3 of the Regulations Governing ASTM Technical Committees, which requires that standards shall be updated by the end of the eighth year since the last approval date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the measurement of peak and residual direct shear strength in a drained condition of in situ rock discontinuities as a function of stress normal to the sheared plane. This sheared plane is usually a significant discontinuity that may or may not be filled with gouge or soil-like material.

    1.2 The measured shear properties are affected by scale factors. The severity of the effect of these factors must be assessed and applied to the specific problems on an individual basis.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. No other units of measurements are included in this standard.

    1.4 All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice D6026.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.



    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D422 Test Method for Particle-Size Analysis of Soils

    D653 Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids

    D2216 Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass

    D3740 Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction

    D4318 Test Methods for Liquid Limit, Plastic Limit, and Plasticity Index of Soils

    D6026 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data

    D6913 Test Methods for Particle-Size Distribution (Gradation) of Soils Using Sieve Analysis


    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/D4554-12

    Citation Format

    ASTM D4554-12, Standard Test Method for In Situ Determination of Direct Shear Strength of Rock Discontinuities (Withdrawn 2021), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2012, www.astm.org

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