ASTM D4552 / D4552M - 20

    Standard Classification for Hot-Mix Recycling Agents

    Active Standard ASTM D4552 / D4552M | Developed by Subcommittee: D04.40

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.03


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    Significance and Use

    3.1 Recycling of deteriorated asphalt pavements is being used with increasing frequency for its economy and benefit of conserving raw materials. The objective of recycling is to reuse the two ingredients of asphalt concrete-aggregate and asphalt binder and to restore the desired properties to the mixture. Recycling is carried out hot or cold, depending on the condition of the deteriorated pavement, construction procedure, availability of equipment, and cost. This classification is for classifying recycling agents to be used in recycled asphalt mixtures.

    Note 3: The quality of the results produced by this standard are dependent on the competence of the personnel performing the procedure and the capability, calibration, and maintenance of the equipment used. Agencies that meet the criteria of Specification D3666 are generally considered capable of competent and objective testing, sampling, inspection, etc. Users of this standard are cautioned that compliance with Specification D3666 alone does not completely ensure reliable results. Reliable results depend on many factors; following the suggestions of Specification D3666 or some similar acceptable guideline provides a means of evaluating and controlling some of those factors.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This standard covers a standardized method whereby recycling agents to be used in hot recycling of asphalt concrete can be classified. The recycling agents are classified by viscosity in mm2/s measured at 60 °C [140 °F]. This classification does not apply to emulsified recycling agents.

    1.2 This standard does not address the performance of asphalt binder blends with recycling agents, or that of hot-mix asphalt mixture containing recycling agents. Adherence of a recycling agent to this specification does not necessarily relate to the performance of asphalt binders and mixtures containing the recycling agents.

    Note 1: The impact of recycling agents has been evaluated by extracting the asphalt binder from the pavement to be recycled, and combining with the recycling agent to meet the appropriate grade within Specification D946/D946M or Table 1, 2, or 3 of Specification D3381/D3381M. More recently, some specifications have referred to performance grading as described in Specification D6373 or D8239.

    Note 2: Efforts are underway to utilize performance-based testing of the asphalt mixture containing recycling agents as a measure of compliance.

    1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D70 Test Method for Density of Semi-Solid Asphalt Binder (Pycnometer Method)

    D92 Test Method for Flash and Fire Points by Cleveland Open Cup Tester

    D140/D140M Practice for Sampling Asphalt Materials

    D946/D946M Specification for Penetration-Graded Asphalt Binder for Use in Pavement Construction

    D1298 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method

    D2007 Test Method for Characteristic Groups in Rubber Extender and Processing Oils and Other Petroleum-Derived Oils by the Clay-Gel Absorption Chromatographic Method

    D2170/D2170M Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Asphalts

    D2872 Test Method for Effect of Heat and Air on a Moving Film of Asphalt (Rolling Thin-Film Oven Test)

    D3381/D3381M Specification for Viscosity-Graded Asphalt Binder for Use in Pavement Construction

    D3666 Specification for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Testing and Inspecting Road and Paving Materials

    D6373 Specification for Performance Graded Asphalt Binder

    D8239 Specification for Performance-Graded Asphalt Binder Using the Multiple Stress Creep and Recovery (MSCR) Test


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 93.080.10 (Road construction); 93.080.20 (Road construction materials)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30121601(Asphalt)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
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    DOI: 10.1520/D4552_D4552M-20

    Citation Format

    ASTM D4552 / D4552M-20, Standard Classification for Hot-Mix Recycling Agents, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.org

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