ASTM D4529 - 17

    Стандартный метод оценки низшей теплоты сгорания авиационного топлива

    Active Standard ASTM D4529 Developed by Subcommittee: D02.05

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.02

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    Significance and Use

    4.1 This test method is intended for use as a guide in cases where an experimental determination of heat of combustion is not available and cannot be made conveniently, and where an estimate is considered satisfactory. It is not intended as a substitute for experimental measurements of heat of combustion (Note 2).

    Note 2: The procedures for the experimental determination of the gross and net heats of combustion are described in Test Methods D240 and D4809.

    4.2 The net heat of combustion is a factor in the performance of all aviation fuels. Because the exhaust of aircraft engines contains uncondensed water vapors, the energy released by fuel in vaporizing water cannot be recovered and must be subtracted from gross heat of combustion determinations to calculate net heat of combustion. For high performance weight-limited aircraft, the net heat of combustion per unit mass and the mass of fuel loaded determine the total safe range. The proper operation of the aircraft engine also requires a certain minimum net energy of combustion per unit volume of fuel delivered.

    4.3 Because the heat of combustion of hydrocarbon fuel-mixtures are slowly varying functions of the physical properties of the mixtures, the heat of combustion of the mixtures can often be estimated with adequate accuracy from simple field tests of density and aniline point temperature, without the elaborate apparatus needed for calorimetry.

    4.4 The empirical quadratic equation for the net heat of combustion of a sulfur-free fuel was derived by the method of least squares from accurate measurements on fuels, most of which conformed to specifications for fuels found in Note 1 and were chosen to cover a range of values of properties. Those fuels not meeting specifications were chosen to extend the range of densities and aniline-point temperatures above and below the specification limits to avoid end effects. The sulfur correction was found by a simultaneous least-squares regression analysis of sulfur-containing fuels among those tested.

    1. Область применения

    1.1 Данный метод касается оценки низшей теплоты сгорания при постоянном давлении в метрических (СИ) единицах, мегаджоулях на килограмм.

    1.2 Данный метод является чисто эмпирическим и применим только к жидкому углеродному топливу, полученному с помощью процессов нормальной очистки из обычной сырой нефти, которое соответствует требованиям технических условий на авиационные бензины или турбинное и реактивное топливо с ограниченным интервалом кипения и составом в соответствии с прим. 1.

    2. Ссылочные документы