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Significance and Use
4.1 There are various reasons why one would measure the level of unreacted or residual monomer, water, or other volatile components in a polymer sample.
4.2 Volatiles of interest are often at trace concentrations. Headspace analysis is suited for determination of these trace components which often cannot be determined by conventional gas chromatography because of sample decomposition or interferences.
4.3 For polymer analysis, sample treatment for headspace analysis is simpler than conventional gas chromatography, where additional precipitation steps are required to prevent polymer contamination of the chromatographic column.
4.4 This headspace practice will be able to determine qualitatively any component with sufficient vapor pressure. It is capable of yielding semiquantitative results and can be used for relative comparisons between samples.
1.1 Headspace gas chromatography (GC) involves the determination of volatile components in a polymer solution by gas chromatography of a vapor phase in thermal equilibrium with the sample matrix. Volatiles in finely ground insoluble polymers can also be determined with and without an extracting solvent.
1.2 This practice provides two procedures:
1.2.1 Procedure A—Automatic headspace analysis.
1.2.2 Procedure B—Manual injection headspace analysis.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in Section .
Note 1: There is no known ISO equivalent to this standard.
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics
D4322 Test Method for Residual Acrylonitrile Monomer Styrene-Acrylonitrile Copolymers and Nitrile Rubber by Headspace Gas Chromatography
E260 Practice for Packed Column Gas Chromatography
E355 Practice for Gas Chromatography Terms and Relationships
E594 Practice for Testing Flame Ionization Detectors Used in Gas or Supercritical Fluid Chromatography
ICS Number Code 83.080.01 (Plastics in general)
UNSPSC Code 13102030(Polyvinyl Chloride PVC)
|Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)|
ASTM D4526-20, Standard Practice for Determination of Volatiles in Polymers by Static Headspace Gas Chromatography, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.orgBack to Top