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    ASTM D4508-10

    Standard Test Method for Chip Impact Strength of Plastics (Withdrawn 2016)

    Withdrawn Standard: ASTM D4508-10 | Developed by Subcommittee: D20.10


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    Withdrawn Rationale:

    The purpose of this test method is to provide an impact test that can be performed on small specimens of plastics of different thicknesses. This test method is especially suited for observing the effects of microcracks caused by weathering, or by exposure to solvents or other hostile environments, on the surface of plastic materials. It is not meant to be used as a replacement for any existing impact test, but can be used to measure impact on coupons machined from finished parts that cannot be tested by the drop-weight, Izod, or Charpy method because of shape or thickness limitations.

    Formerly under the jurisdiction of Committee D20 on Plastics, this test method was withdrawn in May 2016. This standard is being withdrawn without replacement due to its limited use by industry.

    1. Scope

    1.1 The purpose of this test method is to provide an impact test that can be performed on small specimens of plastics of different thicknesses. This test method is especially suited for observing the effects of microcracks caused by weathering, or by exposure to solvents or other hostile environments, on the surface of plastic materials. It is not meant to be used as a replacement for any existing impact test, but can be used to measure impact on coupons machined from finished parts that cannot be tested by the drop-weight, Izod, or Charpy method because of shape or thickness limitations.

    1.2 The chip-impact test is run on small, flat, unnotched specimens using a standard pendulum-impact device. The test places the impacted surface in tension and, for notch-sensitive materials, is extremely sensitive to the presence of surface microcracks. Thus, for plastics that develop surface cracks when exposed outdoors, the chip-impact test is a severe test of the weathered impact strength.

    1.3 Round-robin testing has indicated that materials that break at total energy values of less than 0.17 joules (1.5 in.-lbf) have within-laboratory coefficients of variation of approximately 30 %. Therefore, such values are considered out of the normal testing range for this test.

    1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.5 There is no known ISO equivalent to this test method.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.



    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D256 Test Methods for Determining the Izod Pendulum Impact Resistance of Plastics

    D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing

    D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics

    D1600 Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics

    D4066 Classification System for Nylon Injection and Extrusion Materials (PA)

    D5947 Test Methods for Physical Dimensions of Solid Plastics Specimens

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method


    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/D4508-10

    Citation Format

    ASTM D4508-10, Standard Test Method for Chip Impact Strength of Plastics (Withdrawn 2016), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2010, www.astm.org

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