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Significance and Use
5.1 Vinyl chloride-containing polymers are widely used to package a variety of materials, including foods.
5.2 Vinyl chloride monomer has been shown to be a human carcinogen. Threshold toxicity value has not been established.
5.3 Plastic manufacturers, food packagers, government agencies, etc. have a need to know the residual vinyl chloride monomer content of vinyl chloride-containing polymers.
1.1 This test method is suitable for determining the residual vinyl chloride monomer (RVM) content of homopolymer and copolymers of vinyl chloride down to a level of ∼5 ppb.
1.2 This test method is applicable to any polymer form, such as resin, compound, film, bottle wall, etc. that can be dissolved in a suitable solvent.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
ISO StandardISO 6401 Plastics--Homopolymer and Copolymer Resins of Vinyl Chloride--Determination of Residual Vinyl Chloride Monomer--Gas Chromatographic Method Available from American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 25 W. 43rd St., 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036, http://www.ansi.org.
OSHA Standard29 CFR 1919.1017 Vinyl Chloride Available from Superintendent of Documents, US Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.
ICS Number Code 83.080.20 (Thermoplastic materials)
UNSPSC Code 13102030(Polyvinyl Chloride PVC)
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ASTM D4443-13, Standard Test Method for Determining Residual Vinyl Chloride Monomer Content in PPB Range in Vinyl Chloride Homo- and Co-Polymers by Headspace Gas Chromatography, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2013, www.astm.orgBack to Top