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Significance and Use
5.1 The height of surface profile has been shown to be a factor in the performance of various coatings applied to steel. For this reason, surface profile should be measured prior to coating application to ensure conformance of a prepared surface to profile requirements specified by the manufacturer of a protective coating or the coating job specification. The instruments described are readily portable and sufficiently sturdy for use in the field.
Note 2: Methods C and D include determination of the peak count (number of profile peaks in a specified distance or unit area). According to research performed by Roper, Weaver and Brandon, an increase in peak count can improve the adhesion of some coatings to the prepared steel, as well as provide greater resistance to corrosion undercutting once the coating becomes damaged in service.
Note 3: Optical microscope methods serve as a referee method for surface profile measurement methods A and B. Profile depth designations are based on the concept of mean maximum profile (h max); this value is determined by averaging a given number (usually 20) of the highest peak to lowest valley measurements made in the field of view of a standard measuring microscope. This is done because of evidence that coating performance in any one small area is primarily influenced by the highest surface features in that area and not by the average roughness.
1.1 These test methods cover the description of techniques for measuring the profile of abrasive blast cleaned surfaces in the field. There are other techniques suitable for laboratory use not covered by these test methods.
1.2 Method B may also be appropriate to the measurement of profile produced by using power tools.
Note 1: The Method B procedure in this standard was developed for use on flat surfaces. Depending on the radius of the surface, the results could have greater variability with lower values and averages.
1.3 SSPC standard SSPC-PA 17 provides additional guidance for determining conformance with surface profile requirements.
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
ISO StandardsISO 4287: 1997
ASME StandardASME B46.1-2002 Surface Texture, Surface Roughness Waviness and Lay
SSPC StandardSSPC-PA 17 Procedure for Determining Conformance to Steel Profile/Surface Roughness/Peak Count Requirements
ICS Number Code 17.040.20 (Properties of surfaces); 77.140.01 (Iron and steel products in general)
UNSPSC Code 11101704(Steel)
|Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)|
ASTM D4417-19, Standard Test Methods for Field Measurement of Surface Profile of Blast Cleaned Steel, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2019, www.astm.orgBack to Top