ASTM D4366 - 16

    Standard Test Methods for Hardness of Organic Coatings by Pendulum Damping Tests

    Active Standard ASTM D4366 | Developed by Subcommittee: D01.23

    Book of Standards Volume: 06.01

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    Significance and Use

    5.1 The pendulum damping test has been found to have good sensitivity in detecting differences in coating hardness, where hardness is defined as resistance to deformation.

    5.2 The two procedures given in these test methods embody the principle that the amplitude of oscillation of a pendulum touching a surface decreases more rapidly the softer the surface. However, these test methods differ in respect to pendulum dimensions, and period and amplitude of oscillation.

    5.3 In general, the damping time of the König pendulum is approximately half that of the Persoz pendulum.

    5.4 The Persoz pendulum has a greater degree of discrimination than the König for measuring the hardness of soft coatings, but it may not be as suitable for testing hard, slippery films because of its tendency to skid on surfaces with a low coefficient of friction.

    5.5 The interaction between the pendulum and the paint film is complex, depending on both elastic and viscoelastic properties, and it may not be possible to establish a precise relationship between the two types of pendulum tests.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods cover the use of pendulum damping testers in the determination of hardness of organic coatings that have been applied to acceptably plane rigid surfaces, such as a metal or glass panel.

    1.2 Two test methods based on different pendulum types are covered as follows:

    1.2.1 Test Method A—König Pendulum Hardness Test.

    1.2.2 Test Method B—Persoz Pendulum Hardness Test.

    1.3 This standard is similar in content (but not technically equivalent) to ISO 1522.

    1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D823 Practices for Producing Films of Uniform Thickness of Paint, Varnish, and Related Products on Test Panels

    D1005 Test Method for Measurement of Dry-Film Thickness of Organic Coatings Using Micrometers

    D3891 Practice for Preparation of Glass Panels for Testing Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Products

    D7091 Practice for Nondestructive Measurement of Dry Film Thickness of Nonmagnetic Coatings Applied to Ferrous Metals and Nonmagnetic, Nonconductive Coatings Applied to Non-Ferrous Metals

    Other Standard

    ISO 1522 Paints and Varnishes Pendulum Damping Test

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 87.040 (Paints and varnishes)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 41114611(Hardness testers)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D4366-16

    Citation Format

    ASTM D4366-16, Standard Test Methods for Hardness of Organic Coatings by Pendulum Damping Tests, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016,

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