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Significance and Use
4.1 The ability of a plastic material to resist deterioration caused by exposure to light, heat, and water is a property of significance in many applications. This practice is intended to induce property changes associated with end-use conditions, including the effects of ultraviolet solar irradiance, moisture, and heat. The exposure used in this practice is not intended to simulate the deterioration caused by localized weather phenomena, such as, atmospheric pollution, biological attack, and saltwater exposure. (Warning—Variation in operating conditions within the accepted limits of this practice will not necessarily provide the same results. Therefore, no reference to the use of this practice shall be made unless accompanied by a report prepared in accordance with Section that describes the specific operating conditions used. Refer to Practice for detailed information on the caveats applicable to use of results obtained in accordance with this practice.)
Note 2: Additional information on sources of variability and on strategies for addressing variability in the design, execution, and data analysis of laboratory-accelerated exposure tests is found in Guide .
4.2 Reproducibility of test results between laboratories has been shown to be good when the stability of materials is evaluated in terms of performance ranking compared to other materials or to a control., Therefore, exposure of a similar material of known performance (a control) at the same time as the test materials is strongly recommended. It is recommended that at least three replicates of each material be exposed to allow for statistical evaluation of results.
4.3 Test results will depend upon the care that is taken to operate the equipment in accordance with Practice . Significant factors include regulation of line voltage, temperature of the room in which the device operates, temperature control, and condition and age of the lamp.
1.1 This practice covers specific procedures and test conditions that are applicable for using a fluorescent UV lamp and water apparatus exposure of plastics conducted in accordance with Practices and . This practice also covers the preparation of test specimens, the test conditions best suited for plastics, and the evaluation of test results.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
Note 1: This standard and ISO 4892-3 address the same subject matter, but differ in technical contact.
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
SAE StandardSAEJ2020 Accelerated Exposure of Automotive Exterior Materials Using a Fluorescent UV and Condensation Apparatus
D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics
D5870 Practice for Calculating Property Retention Index of Plastics
E456 Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
G113 Terminology Relating to Natural and Artificial Weathering Tests of Nonmetallic Materials
G141 Guide for Addressing Variability in Exposure Testing of Nonmetallic Materials
G147 Practice for Conditioning and Handling of Nonmetallic Materials for Natural and Artificial Weathering Tests
G151 Practice for Exposing Nonmetallic Materials in Accelerated Test Devices that Use Laboratory Light Sources
G154 Practice for Operating Fluorescent Ultraviolet (UV) Lamp Apparatus for Exposure of Nonmetallic Materials
G169 Guide for Application of Basic Statistical Methods to Weathering Tests
G177 Tables for Reference Solar Ultraviolet Spectral Distributions: Hemispherical on 37 Tilted Surface
ICS Number Code 83.080.01 (Plastics in general)
|Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)|
ASTM D4329-21, Standard Practice for Fluorescent Ultraviolet (UV) Lamp Apparatus Exposure of Plastics, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2021, www.astm.orgBack to Top