ASTM D4279 - 95(2017)

    Standard Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Shipping Containers—Constant and Cycle Methods

    Active Standard ASTM D4279 | Developed by Subcommittee: D10.21

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.10


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 These test methods are normally used for the following purposes:

    4.1.1 To evaluate materials and constructions for a specific type of container,

    4.1.2 To compare performance of different types of containers,

    4.1.3 To determine adequacy of protection for a specific product or application, and

    4.1.4 To maintain quality control.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods cover the determination of water vapor transmission rates for bulk shipping containers, as follows:

    1.1.1 Method A, for Reclosable Containers, and

    1.1.2 Method B, for Containers Not Designed for Reclosing.

    1.2 Within each procedure details are given for the constant and cycle methods of test atmosphere.

    1.3 The test may be applied to the container as packed, or after one or more performance tests such as drum (Method D782), vibration (Methods D999), drop (Test Method D5276), impact resistance (Test Methods D880, D4003, and D5277), or performance tests (Practice D4169), as required.

    1.4 For small shipping containers requiring greater accuracy in weighing, the water vapor transmission may be determined in accordance with Test Method D895 or Test Method D1251.

    1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D782 Test Method for Shipping Containers in Revolving Hexagonal Drum

    D880 Test Method for Impact Testing for Shipping Containers and Systems

    D895 Test Method for Water Vapor Permeability of Packages

    D996 Terminology of Packaging and Distribution Environments

    D999 Test Methods for Vibration Testing of Shipping Containers

    D1251 Test Method for Water Vapor Permeability of Packages by Cycle Method

    D4003 Test Methods for Programmable Horizontal Impact Test for Shipping Containers and Systems

    D4169 Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems

    D5276 Test Method for Drop Test of Loaded Containers by Free Fall

    D5277 Test Method for Performing Programmed Horizontal Impacts Using an Inclined Impact Tester


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 55.040 (Packaging materials and accessories)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D4279-95R17

    Citation Format

    ASTM D4279-95(2017), Standard Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Shipping Containers—Constant and Cycle Methods, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.org

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