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    ASTM D4274 - 21

    Standard Test Methods for Testing Polyurethane Raw Materials: Determination of Hydroxyl Numbers of Polyols

    Active Standard ASTM D4274 | Developed by Subcommittee: D20.22

    Book of Standards Volume: 08.02

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    Significance and Use

    5.1 These test methods are suitable for research and as quality control and specification tests. It is necessary to know the hydroxyl contents of polyols in order to formulate polyurethane systems.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods measure the hydroxyl groups in polyester and polyether polyols containing primary and secondary hydroxyl groups. They also apply to many other hydroxyl-containing substances.

    1.1.1 Test Method A—Acetic Anhydride Pressure Bottle, recommended for polyesters.

    1.1.2 Test Method B—Phthalic Anhydride Pressure Bottle, recommended for polyethers and polyesters.

    1.1.3 Test Method C—Phthalic Anhydride Reflux, recommended for polyethers and polyesters.

    1.1.4 Test Method D—Imidazole–Catalyzed Phthalic Anhydride Pressure Bottle, recommended for polyethers, polyesters, polymer polyols, and amine-initiated polyols.

    1.1.5 Test Method E—Imidazole-Catalyzed Pyromellitic Dianhydride Esterification, recommended for polyols used for flexible and rigid polyurethane foams and urethane elastomers. It is recommended for polyester polyols, polyether polyols, amine-started polyols, and polymer polyols (polyacrylonitrile/copolystyrene-based).

    1.2 Another ASTM test method for measuring hydroxyl groups is Test Method E222.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    Note 1: This standard, ISO 14900 and ISO 6796 address the same subject matter, but differ in technical content.

    1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    E180 Practice for Determining the Precision of ASTM Methods for Analysis and Testing of Industrial and Specialty Chemicals

    E200 Practice for Preparation, Standardization, and Storage of Standard and Reagent Solutions for Chemical Analysis

    E203 Test Method for Water Using Volumetric Karl Fischer Titration

    E222 Test Methods for Hydroxyl Groups Using Acetic Anhydride Acetylation

    E456 Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method

    E2935 Practice for Evaluating Equivalence of Two Testing Processes

    ISO Standard

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 83.080.20 (Thermoplastic materials)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 12352100(Organic derivatives and substituted compounds)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D4274-21

    Citation Format

    ASTM D4274-21, Standard Test Methods for Testing Polyurethane Raw Materials: Determination of Hydroxyl Numbers of Polyols, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2021, www.astm.org

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