ASTM D4252 - 89(2017)

    Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Alcohol Ethoxylates and Alkylphenol Ethoxylates

    Active Standard ASTM D4252 | Developed by Subcommittee: D12.12

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.04

      Format Pages Price  
    PDF 5 $52.00   ADD TO CART
    Hardcopy (shipping and handling) 5 $52.00   ADD TO CART

    Significance and Use

    3.1 Alcohol ethoxylates and alkylphenol ethoxylates are important surfactants in household and industrial cleaners. They may be used as either nonionic surfactants or sulfated and used as anionic surfactants. Careful control of the ethoxylate characteristics is desired as variations may result in either desirable or undesirable end-use properties.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods cover the various test methods used to evaluate those properties pertinent to the characterization of alcohol ethoxylates and alkylphenol ethoxylates with respect to suitability for desired uses.

    1.2 The procedures for sampling and analysis appear in the following order:









    Methods of Chemical Analysis


     Water or moisture


     Refractive index

    9 and 10



     Acidity or basicity

    12 and 13

     Hydroxyl number

    14 – 20

     Cloud point


     Iodine number






     Ethylene oxide content


     Polyethylene glycols

    26 – 32

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Material Safety Data Sheets are available for reagents and materials. Review them for hazards prior to usage. Specific hazard statements appear in Section 5 and Note 1 and Note 3.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D459 Terminology Relating to Soaps and Other Detergents

    D482 Test Method for Ash from Petroleum Products

    D1068 Test Methods for Iron in Water

    D1172 Guide for pH of Aqueous Solutions of Soaps and Detergents

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D1209 Test Method for Color of Clear Liquids (Platinum-Cobalt Scale)

    D1218 Test Method for Refractive Index and Refractive Dispersion of Hydrocarbon Liquids

    D1613 Test Method for Acidity in Volatile Solvents and Chemical Intermediates Used in Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Products

    D1959 Test Method for Iodine Value of Drying Oils and Fatty Acids

    D2024 Test Method for Cloud Point of Nonionic Surfactants

    D2959 Test Method for Ethylene Oxide Content of Polyethoxylated Nonionic Surfactants

    E180 Practice for Determining the Precision of ASTM Methods for Analysis and Testing of Industrial and Specialty Chemicals

    E200 Practice for Preparation, Standardization, and Storage of Standard and Reagent Solutions for Chemical Analysis

    E203 Test Method for Water Using Volumetric Karl Fischer Titration

    E394 Test Method for Iron in Trace Quantities Using the 1,10-Phenanthroline Method

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 71.080.60 (Alcohols. Ethers)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 12161900(Surfactants)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D4252-89R17

    Citation Format

    ASTM D4252-89(2017), Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Alcohol Ethoxylates and Alkylphenol Ethoxylates, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017,

    Back to Top