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Significance and Use
5.1 Upon mutual agreement between the purchaser and the supplier, fabrics intended for this end use should meet all of the requirements listed in Table 1 of this specification.
5.2 It is recognized that for purposes of fashion or aesthetics the ultimate consumer of articles made from these fabrics may find acceptable fabrics that do not conform to all of the requirements in Table 1. Therefore, one or more of the requirements listed in Table 1 may be modified by mutual agreement between the purchaser and the supplier.
5.2.1 In such cases, any references to the specification shall specify that: “This fabric meets ASTM Specification D4153 except for the following characteristic(s).”
5.3 Where no prepurchase agreement has been reached between the purchaser and the supplier, and in case of controversy, the requirements listed in Table 1 are intended to be used as a guide only. As noted in 5.2, ultimate consumer demands dictate varying performance parameters for any particular style of fabric.
5.4 The uses and significance of particular properties and test methods are discussed in the appropriate sections of the specified test methods.
1.1 This performance specification covers woven fabrics to be used in the manufacture of men's, women's, and children's handkerchiefs, both utilitarian and decorative.
1.2 This performance specification is not applicable to open-work fabrics such as lace which is used primarily to decorate handkerchiefs, or woven fabrics used for the manufacture of scarves.
1.3 These requirements apply to both the length and width directions for those properties where fabric direction is pertinent.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
AATCC Test Methods15 Colorfastness to Perspiration 16 Colorfastness to Light 116 Colorfastness to Crocking: Rotary Vertical Crockmeter Method 124 Appearance of Durable Press Fabrics after Repeated Home Launderings 135 Dimensional Changes in Automatic Home Laundering of Woven or Knit Fabrics 172 Colorfastness to Non-chlorine Bleach in Home Laundering 188 Colorfastness to Chlorine Bleach in Home Laundering 23 Colorfastness to Burnt Gas Fumes 61 Colorfastness to Washing, Domestic, and Laundering, Commercial: Accelerated 8 Colorfastness to Crocking: AATCC Crockmeter Method 96 Dimesional Changes in Laundering of Woven and Knitted Textiles Except Wool
Military StandardMIL-STD—105 Sampling Procedures and Tables for Inspection by Attributes Available from Standardization Documents Order Desk, Bldg. 4 Section D, 700 Robbins Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19111-5094, Attn: NPODS.
D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles
D1424 Test Method for Tearing Strength of Fabrics by Falling-Pendulum (Elmendorf-Type) Apparatus
D2261 Test Method for Tearing Strength of Fabrics by the Tongue (Single Rip) Procedure (Constant-Rate-of-Extension Tensile Testing Machine)
D2262 Test Method for Tearing Strength of Woven Fabrics by the Tongue (Single Rip) Method (Constant-Rate-of-Traverse Tensile Testing Machine)
D2905 Practice for Statements on Number of Specimens for Textiles
D5034 Test Method for Breaking Strength and Elongation of Textile Fabrics (Grab Test)
ICS Number Code 61.040 (Headgear. Clothing accessories. Fastening of clothing)
UNSPSC Code 53102512(Handkerchiefs)
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ASTM D4153-14, Standard Performance Specification for Men’s, Women’s, and Children’s Woven Handkerchief Fabrics, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2014, www.astm.orgBack to Top