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    ASTM D4140 - 07(2018)

    Standard Guide for Determining Volatile and Nonvolatile Content of Driers, Drying Oils, Naval Stores, and Solvents

    Active Standard ASTM D4140 | Developed by Subcommittee: D01.21

    Book of Standards Volume: 06.01

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    Significance and Use

    4.1 The nonvolatile content of raw materials may be used to determine the total nonvolatile content (solids) of paint and related coatings. Such information may be useful to coatings producers and users for the determination of the total solids available for film formation and for the estimation of the volatile organic content.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide is intended to aid in the selection of the proper ASTM test method for determining the volatile and nonvolatile content of driers, drying oils, naval stores, and solvents.

    Note 1: Test methods for determining the composition of the volatile fraction are not covered by this guide.

    1.2 The test methods included are as follows:



    ASTM Designation






    Drying oils



    Naval stores






    1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D16 Terminology for Paint, Related Coatings, Materials, and Applications

    D233 Test Methods of Sampling and Testing Turpentine

    D555 Guide for Testing Drying Oils

    D804 Terminology Relating to Pine Chemicals, Including Tall Oil and Related Products

    D889 Test Method for Volatile Oil in Rosin

    D1131 Test Methods of Testing Rosin Oils

    D1353 Test Method for Nonvolatile Matter in Volatile Solvents for Use in Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Products

    D1644 Test Methods for Nonvolatile Content of Varnishes

    D1960 Test Method for Loss on Heating of Drying Oils

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 87.060.99 (Other paint ingredients)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 12190000(Solvents)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D4140-07R18

    Citation Format

    ASTM D4140-07(2018), Standard Guide for Determining Volatile and Nonvolatile Content of Driers, Drying Oils, Naval Stores, and Solvents, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2018, www.astm.org

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