ASTM D4047 - 18

    Standard Test Method for Phosphorus in Lubricating Oils and Additives by Quinoline Phosphomolybdate Method

    Active Standard ASTM D4047 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.03

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.02


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 Knowledge of the phosphorus content, and thus the phosphorus-containing additives, in a lubricating oil or additive can be used to predict performance characteristics.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of 0.005 % to 10.0 % by mass phosphorus in unused lubricating oil and additive concentrates. There is no reason to doubt its applicability to filtered, used lubricating oils, but no systematic study of this application has been made.

    1.2 The test method is applicable to samples containing any of the phosphorus compounds in normal use.

    Note 1: This test method extends the scope of the previous version of IP 149 and replaces IP 148 and the previous version of IP 149 as a referee method.

    1.3 This test method is free from most interferences because the high insolubility of the quinoline phosphomolybdate precipitate leads to constant composition and freedom from most adsorbed or occluded impurities, especially from cations which would otherwise interfere in the subsequent titration of the precipitate.

    1.4 Barium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, iron, aluminum, alkali salts, citric acid and citrates, chromium up to 18 times the phosphorus content, and titanium up to 3.5 times do not interfere with the test method.

    1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see 6.9.

    1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D4177 Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D6299 Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.100 (Lubricants, industrial oils and related products)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15121500(Lubricating preparations)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D4047-18

    Citation Format

    ASTM D4047-18, Standard Test Method for Phosphorus in Lubricating Oils and Additives by Quinoline Phosphomolybdate Method, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2018, www.astm.org

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