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This specification covers four types of moderately volatile hydrocarbon solvents that are mainly aliphatic in composition and normally petroleum distillates, and are commonly referred to as VM&P naphthas used primarily by the coatings industry. Materials shall be available in the following types: Type I, regular; Type II, high flash; Type III, odorless; and Type IV, low aromatics. Specimens shall undergo tests that shall examine their conformance with specified values of the following physical and chemical properties: appearance; bromine number; color (Pt-Co units); aromatics; copper corrosion; distillation (initial boiling point, 50 % recovered, and dry point); flash point; Kauri-butanol value; odor; and apparent specific gravity.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers four types of moderately volatile hydrocarbon solvents, mainly aliphatic in composition and normally petroleum distillates. These solvents are used primarily by the coatings industry and are commonly referred to as VM&P naphthas.
1.3 The following applies to all specified limits in this standard; for purposes of determining conformance with this standard, an observed value or a calculated value shall be rounded-off “to the nearest unit” in the last right-hand digit used in expressing the specification limit, in accordance with the rounding-off method of Practice E29.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D56 Test Method for Flash Point by Tag Closed Cup Tester
D86 Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure
D130 Test Method for Corrosiveness to Copper from Petroleum Products by Copper Strip Test
D156 Test Method for Saybolt Color of Petroleum Products (Saybolt Chromometer Method)
D268 Guide for Sampling and Testing Volatile Solvents and Chemical Intermediates for Use in Paint and Related Coatings and Material
D1133 Test Method for Kauri-Butanol Value of Hydrocarbon Solvents
D1159 Test Method for Bromine Numbers of Petroleum Distillates and Commercial Aliphatic Olefins by Electrometric Titration
D1209 Test Method for Color of Clear Liquids (Platinum-Cobalt Scale)
D1296 Test Method for Odor of Volatile Solvents and Diluents
D1319 Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption
D3257 Test Methods for Aromatics in Mineral Spirits by Gas Chromatography
D3278 Test Methods for Flash Point of Liquids by Small Scale Closed-Cup Apparatus
D4052 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
D5386 Test Method for Color of Liquids Using Tristimulus Colorimetry
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
E300 Practice for Sampling Industrial Chemicals
U.S. Federal SpecificationPPP-C-2020 Chemicals, Liquid, Dry, and Paste: Packaging of Available from Standardization Documents Order Desk, DODSSP, Bldg. 4, Section D, 700 Robbins Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19111-5098, http://www.dodssp.daps.mil.
ICS Number Code 87.060.30 (Solvents)
UNSPSC Code 15101503(Naphtha)
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ASTM D3735-07(2012), Standard Specification for VM&P Naphthas, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2012, www.astm.orgBack to Top