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This specification covers two types of aromatic hydrocarbon solvents, commonly referred to as high flash aromatic naphthas, namely: Type I (Aromatic 100) and Type II (Aromatic 150). These solvents are normally petroleum distillates having moderately low volatility and are used primarily by the coatings industry. The physical and chemical properties of high-flash aromatic naphthas shall conform to the requirements specified for the following: (1) appearance, (2) color, (3) amount of aromatics, (4) copper corrosion, (5) distillation range defined by the initial boiling point and dry point, (6) flash point, (7) Kauri-butanol value, (8) mixed aniline point, (9) odor, and (10) apparent specific gravity. The sampling and test methods to determine conformance to the specified properties are given.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers two types of aromatic hydrocarbon solvents, normally petroleum distillates, having high flash points, moderately low volatility, and a distillation range of approximately 30°C (50°F). These solvents are used primarily by the coatings industry and are commonly referred to as high-flash aromatic naphthas.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
1.3 The following applies to all specified limits in this standard; for purposes of determining conformance with this standard, an observed value or a calculated value shall be rounded off “to the nearest unit” in the last right-hand digit used in expressing the specification limit, in accordance with the rounding-off method of Practice .
1.4 For specific hazard information and guidance, see the supplier’s Safety Data Sheet for materials listed in this specification.
1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D56 Test Method for Flash Point by Tag Closed Cup Tester
D86 Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure
D156 Test Method for Saybolt Color of Petroleum Products (Saybolt Chromometer Method)
D268 Guide for Sampling and Testing Volatile Solvents and Chemical Intermediates for Use in Paint and Related Coatings and Material
D611 Test Methods for Aniline Point and Mixed Aniline Point of Petroleum Products and Hydrocarbon Solvents
D849 Test Method for Copper Strip Corrosion by Industrial Aromatic Hydrocarbons
D891 Test Methods for Specific Gravity, Apparent, of Liquid Industrial Chemicals
D1133 Test Method for Kauri-Butanol Value of Hydrocarbon Solvents
D1209 Test Method for Color of Clear Liquids (Platinum-Cobalt Scale)
D1296 Test Method for Odor of Volatile Solvents and Diluents
D1319 Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption
D3278 Test Methods for Flash Point of Liquids by Small Scale Closed-Cup Apparatus
D4052 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
E300 Practice for Sampling Industrial Chemicals
U.S. Federal SpecificationPPP-C-2020 Chemicals, Liquid, Dry, and Paste: Packaging of Available from Standardization Documents Order Desk, DODSSP, Bldg. 4, Section D, 700 Robbins Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19111-5098, http://dodssp.daps.dla.mil.
ICS Number Code 75.100 (Lubricants, industrial oils and related products); 75.140 (Waxes, bituminous materials and other petroleum products)
UNSPSC Code 15101503(Naphtha)
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ASTM D3734-05(2018), Standard Specification for High-Flash Aromatic Naphthas, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2018, www.astm.orgBack to Top