ASTM D3690 - 19

    Standard Performance Specification for Vinyl-Coated and Urethane-Coated Upholstery Fabrics—Indoor

    Active Standard ASTM D3690 | Developed by Subcommittee: D13.63

    Book of Standards Volume: 07.01


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 Fabrics intended for this end-use should meet all the requirements listed in Table 1.

    (A) There is more than one standard test method that can be used to measure breaking strength, tongue tear strength, and lightfastness. These test methods cannot be used interchangeably since there may be no overall correlation between them (see Note 2).
    (B) grade in b and c is based on a numerical scale of 5 for negligible color transfer or color change to 1 for very severe color transfer or color change. The numerical rating in Table 1 or higher is acceptable.
    (C) AATCC 9–Step Chromatic Transference Scale.
    (D) AATCC Gray Scale for Color Change.

    4.2 It should be recognized that fabric can be produced utilizing an almost infinite number of combinations of construction variables (e.g., type of fibers, percentage of fibers, yarn twist, yarn number, warp and pick count, chemical and mechanical finished). Additionally, fashion and aesthetics dictate that the ultimate consumer may find acceptable articles made from fabrics that do not conform to all of the requirements in Table 1.

    4.2.1 Hence, no single performance specification can possibly apply to all the various fabrics that could be utilized for this end-use.

    4.3 The uses and significance of particular properties and test methods are discussed in the appropriate sections of the specified methods.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This performance specification covers performance requirements for vinyl-coated and urethane-coated upholstery fabrics produced with woven, knit, or nonwoven substrates which are used in the manufacture of new indoor furniture.

    1.2 This performance specification is not applicable to fabrics used in porch, deck, or lawn furniture; nor for plain knit fabrics and plain, tufted, or flocked, woven upholstery fabrics.

    1.3 These requirements apply to the length and width directions for those properties where fabric direction is pertinent.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles

    D751 Test Methods for Coated Fabrics

    D1175 Method of Test for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Oscillatory Cylinder and Uniform Abrasion); Replaced by D 4157, D 4158

    D1203 Test Methods for Volatile Loss From Plastics Using Activated Carbon Methods

    D2097 Test Method for Flex Testing of Finish on Upholstery Leather

    D2136 Test Method for Coated FabricsLow-Temperature Bend Test

    D4157 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Oscillatory Cylinder Method)

    D5034 Test Method for Breaking Strength and Elongation of Textile Fabrics (Grab Test)


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 59.080.40 (Coated fabrics); 97.140 (Furniture)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 11162113(Upholstery fabrics); 11162112(Coated fabrics)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D3690-19

    Citation Format

    ASTM D3690-19, Standard Performance Specification for Vinyl-Coated and Urethane-Coated Upholstery Fabrics—Indoor, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2019, www.astm.org

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