ASTM D3597 - 02(2018)e1

    Standard Performance Specification for Woven Upholstery Fabrics—Plain, Tufted, or Flocked

    Active Standard ASTM D3597 | Developed by Subcommittee: D13.63

    Book of Standards Volume: 07.01


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    Abstract

    This performance specification covers the performance requirements for plain, tufted, or flocked woven upholstery fabrics as used in the manufacture of new indoor furniture. These requirements apply to both the warp and filling directions for those factors where each fabric direction is pertinent. Tests shall be made to determine the properties of the material in accordance with the following test methods: breaking strength; tear strength; resistance to yarn slippage; surface abrasion; dimensional change; colorfastness to water; colorfastness to solvent; colorfastness to burnt gas fumes; colorfastness to crocking; colorfastness to light; colorfastness to ozone; durability of back coating; flammability; and FTC requirements.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    Significance and Use

    4.1 Fabrics intended for this end-use should meet all of the requirements listed in Table 1.

    (A) For guideline purposes see 6.4.1.
    (B) Class in the colorfastness requirements is based on a numerical scale of 5 for negligible for no colorchange or color transfer to 1 for very severe color change or color transfer.
    (C) For guidelines purposes—See Section 6.6.2.
    (D) AATCC Gray Scale for Color Change.
    (E) AATCC 9-Step Chromatic Transference Scale.

    4.2 It should be recognized that fabrics can be produced utilizing an almost infinite number of combinations of construction variables (e.g., type of fibers, percentage of fibers, yarn twist, yarn number, warp and pick count, chemical and mechanical finished). Additionally, fashion or aesthetics dictate that the ultimate consumer may find acceptable articles made from fabrics that do not conform to all of the requirements in  Table 1.

    4.2.1 Hence, no single performance specification can possibly apply to all the various fabrics that could be utilized for this end-use.

    4.3 The uses and significance of particular properties and test methods are discussed in the appropriate section of the specified test methods.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This performance specification covers the performance requirements for plain, tufted, or flocked woven upholstery fabrics as used in the manufacture of new indoor furniture. These requirements apply to both the warp and filling directions for those factors where each fabric direction is pertinent.

    1.2 This performance specification is not applicable to fabrics used in porch, deck, or lawn furniture; nor for knitted fabrics, bonded or laminated fabrics, or surface-coated fabrics (such as vinyls and urethanes).

    1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles

    D434 Test Method for Resistance to Slippage of Yarns in Woven Fabrics Using a Standard Seam

    D1424 Test Method for Tearing Strength of Fabrics by Falling-Pendulum (Elmendorf-Type) Apparatus

    D2262 Test Method for Tearing Strength of Woven Fabrics by the Tongue (Single Rip) Method (Constant-Rate-of-Traverse Tensile Testing Machine)

    D4157 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Oscillatory Cylinder Method)

    D5034 Test Method for Breaking Strength and Elongation of Textile Fabrics (Grab Test)

    AATCC Test Methods

    Evaluation Procedure 1 Gray Scale for Color Change

    Evaluation Procedure 8 AATCC 9-Step Chromatic Transference Scale

    Test Method 116 Colorfastness to Crocking: Rotary Vertical Crockmeter Method

    Test Method 129 Colorfastness to Ozone in the Atmosphere Under High Humidities

    Test Method 16.3 Colorfastness to Light: Xenon Arc

    Test Method 23

    Test Method 8 AATCC Colorfastness to Crocking:Crockmeter Method

    Military Standard

    ASQ/ANSI Z1.4 Sampling Procedures and Tables for Inspection by Attributes Available from Standardization Documents Order Desk, Bldg. 4 Section D, 700 Robbins Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19111-5094, Attn: NPODS.

    Non-Governmnet Organization Standard

    Guides for the Household Furniture Industry Availa


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 59.080.30 (Textile fabrics); 97.140 (Furniture)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 11162113(Upholstery fabrics)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D3597-02R18E01

    Citation Format

    ASTM D3597-02(2018)e1, Standard Performance Specification for Woven Upholstery Fabrics—Plain, Tufted, or Flocked, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2018, www.astm.org

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