Standard Practice for Calculating Heat Value, Compressibility Factor, and Relative Density of Gaseous Fuels

Active Standard ASTM D3588 | Developed by Subcommittee: D03.03

Book of Standards Volume: 05.06

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Significance and Use

5.1 The heating value is a measure of the suitability of a pure gas or a gas mixture for use as a fuel; it indicates the amount of energy that can be obtained as heat by burning a unit of gas. For use as heating agents, the relative merits of gases from different sources and having different compositions can be compared readily on the basis of their heating values. Therefore, the heating value is used as a parameter for determining the price of gas in custody transfer. It is also an essential factor in calculating the efficiencies of energy conversion devices such as gas-fired turbines. The heating values of a gas depend not only upon the temperature and pressure, but also upon the degree of saturation with water vapor. However, some calorimetric methods for measuring heating values are based upon the gas being saturated with water at the specified conditions.

5.2 The relative density (specific gravity) of a gas quantifies the density of the gas as compared with that of air under the same conditions.

1. Scope

1.1 This practice covers procedures for calculating heating value, relative density, and compressibility factor at base conditions (14.696 psia and 60°F (15.6°C)) for natural gas mixtures from compositional analysis.2 It applies to all common types of utility gaseous fuels, for example, dry natural gas, reformed gas, oil gas (both high and low Btu), propane-air, carbureted water gas, coke oven gas, and retort coal gas, for which suitable methods of analysis as described in Section 6 are available. Calculation procedures for other base conditions are given.

1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The SI units given in parentheses are for information only.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

GPA Standards

GPA 2145

GPA 2172 Calculation of Gross Heating Value, Relative Density, and Compressibility Factor for Natural Gas Mixtures from Compositional Analysis , The sole source of supply of the program in either BASIC or FORTRAN suitable for running on computers known to the committee at this time is the Gas Processors Association. If you are aware of alternative suppliers, please provide this information to ASTM International Headquarters. Your comments will receive careful consideration at a meeting of the responsible technical committee , which you may attend.

GPA Standard 2261 Method of Analysis for Natural Gas and Similar Gaseous Mixtures by Gas Chromatography

GPA Technical Publication TP-17 Table of Physical Properties of Hydrocarbons for Extended Analysis of Natural Gases

ASTM Standards

D1717 Test Method for Test for Analysis of Commerical Butane-Butene Mixtures and Isolutylene by Gas Chromatography

D1945 Test Method for Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography

D1946 Practice for Analysis of Reformed Gas by Gas Chromatography

D2163 Test Method for Determination of Hydrocarbons in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases and Propane/Propene Mixtures by Gas Chromatography

D2650 Test Method for Chemical Composition of Gases by Mass Spectrometry

ANSI Standard

ANSI Z 132.1-1969:

ICS Code

ICS Number Code 75.160.30 (Gaseous fuels)

Referencing This Standard
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DOI: 10.1520/D3588-98R17E01

Citation Format

ASTM D3588-98(2017)e1, Standard Practice for Calculating Heat Value, Compressibility Factor, and Relative Density of Gaseous Fuels, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.org