ASTM D3505 - 18

    Standard Test Method for Density or Relative Density of Pure Liquid Chemicals

    Active Standard ASTM D3505 | Developed by Subcommittee: D16.04

    Book of Standards Volume: 06.04


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This test method is suitable for setting specification, for use as an internal quality control tool, and for use in development or research work on industrial aromatic hydrocarbons and related materials. In addition to the pure liquid chemicals for which expansion functions are known, it may also be used for liquids for which temperature expansion data are not available, or for impure liquid chemicals if certain limitations are observed. Information derived from this test can be used to describe the relationship between weight and volume.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method describes a simplified procedure for the measurement of density or relative density of pure liquid chemicals for which accurate temperature expansion functions are known. It is restricted to liquids having vapor pressures not exceeding 79 993 Pascal (0.800 bar, 600 mm Hg (0.789 atm) at the equilibration temperature, and having viscosities not exceeding 15 cSt at 20°C.

    1.2 Means are provided for reporting results in the following units:

    Density g/cm3 at 20°C

    Density g/mL at 20°C

    Relative density 20°C/4°C

    Relative density 15.56°C/15.56°C

    Note 1: This test method is based on the old definition of  1 L = 1.000028 dm3 (1 mL = 1.000028 cm3). In 1964 the General Conference on Weights and Measures withdrew this definition of the litre and declared that the word “litre” was a special name for the cubic decimetre, thus making 1 mL = 1 cm3 exactly.

    Note 2: An alternative method for determining relative density of pure liquid chemicals is Test Method D4052.

    1.3 In determining the conformance of the test results using this method to applicable specifications, results shall be rounded off in accordance with the rounding-off method of Practice E29.

    1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazard statements are given in Section 8, Hazards.

    1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D1555 Test Method for Calculation of Volume and Weight of Industrial Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Cyclohexane

    D3437 Practice for Sampling and Handling Liquid Cyclic Products

    D4052 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter

    D6809 Guide for Quality Control and Quality Assurance Procedures for Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Related Materials

    E1 Specification for ASTM Liquid-in-Glass Thermometers

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 71.060.01 (Inorganic chemicals in general); 71.080.01 (Organic chemicals in general)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D3505-18

    Citation Format

    ASTM D3505-18, Standard Test Method for Density or Relative Density of Pure Liquid Chemicals, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2018, www.astm.org

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