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This specification covers two types of new mineral insulating oils of petroleum origin for use as an insulating and cooling medium in new and existing power and distribution electrical apparatuses, such as transformers, regulators, reactors, circuit breakers, switchgear, and attendant equipment. It is the intension of this specification to define a mineral insulating oil that is functionally interchangeable and miscible with existing oils, is compatible with existing apparatus and with appropriate field maintenance, and will satisfactorily maintain its functional characteristics in its application in electrical equipment. Type I mineral oils are used for apparatuses where normal oxidation resistance is required, where as, Type II mineral oils are used for apparatuses where greater oxidation resistance is required. When examined with corresponding test methods, sampled specimens shall conform accordingly to physical (aniline point, color, flash point, interfacial tension, pour point, relative density or specific gravity, viscosity, and appearance), electrical (dielectric breakdown voltage, gassing tendency, and dissipation or power factor), and chemical (oxidation stability, oxidation inhibitor content, corrosive sulfur content, water content, neutralization number, and PCB content) property requirements.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers unused mineral insulating oil of petroleum origin for use as an insulating and cooling medium in new and existing power and distribution electrical apparatus, such as transformers, regulators, reactors, circuit breakers, switchgear, and attendant equipment.
1.2 This specification is intended to define a mineral insulating oil that is functionally interchangeable and miscible with existing oils, is compatible with existing apparatus and with appropriate field maintenance, and will satisfactorily maintain its functional characteristics in its application in electrical equipment. This specification applies only to new insulating oil as received prior to any processing.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D92 Test Method for Flash and Fire Points by Cleveland Open Cup Tester
D97 Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products
D117 Guide for Sampling, Test Methods, and Specifications for Electrical Insulating Oils of Petroleum Origin
D445 Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
D611 Test Methods for Aniline Point and Mixed Aniline Point of Petroleum Products and Hydrocarbon Solvents
D923 Practices for Sampling Electrical Insulating Liquids
D924 Test Method for Dissipation Factor (or Power Factor) and Relative Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Electrical Insulating Liquids
D971 Test Method for Interfacial Tension of Oil Against Water by the Ring Method
D974 Test Method for Acid and Base Number by Color-Indicator Titration
D1275 Test Method for Corrosive Sulfur in Electrical Insulating Liquids
D1298 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
D1500 Test Method for ASTM Color of Petroleum Products (ASTM Color Scale)
D1524 Test Method for Visual Examination of Used Electrical Insulating Liquids in the Field
D1533 Test Method for Water in Insulating Liquids by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration
D1816 Test Method for Dielectric Breakdown Voltage of Insulating Liquids Using VDE Electrodes
D1903 Practice for Determining the Coefficient of Thermal Expansion of Electrical Insulating Liquids of Petroleum Origin, and Askarels
D2112 Test Method for Oxidation Stability of Inhibited Mineral Insulating Oil by Pressure Vessel
D2300 Test Method for Gassing of Electrical Insulating Liquids Under Electrical Stress and Ionization (Modified Pirelli Method)
D2440 Test Method for Oxidation Stability of Mineral Insulating Oil
D2668 Test Method for 2,6-di-tert-Butyl- p-Cresol and 2,6-di-tert-Butyl Phenol in Electrical Insulating Oil by Infrared Absorp
D2717 Test Method for Thermal Conductivity of Liquids
D2766 Test Method for Specific Heat of Liquids and Solids
D2864 Terminology Relating to Electrical Insulating Liquids and Gases
D3300 Test Method for Dielectric Breakdown Voltage of Insulating Oils of Petroleum Origin Under Impulse Conditions
D4052 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
D4059 Test Method for Analysis of Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Insulating Liquids by Gas Chromatography
D4768 Test Method for Analysis of 2,6-Ditertiary-Butyl Para-Cresol and 2,6-Ditertiary-Butyl Phenol in Insulating Liquids by Gas Chromatography
D5837 Test Method for Furanic Compounds in Electrical Insulating Liquids by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)
D5949 Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Automatic Pressure Pulsing Method)
D5950 Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Automatic Tilt Method)
IEEE StandardC57.106 Guide for Acceptance and Maintenance of Insulating Oil in Equipment
ICS Number Code 29.040.10 (Insulating oils)
UNSPSC Code 15121505(Transformer oil or insulating oil)
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ASTM D3487-16e1, Standard Specification for Mineral Insulating Oil Used in Electrical Apparatus, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.orgBack to Top