ASTM D3326 - 07(2017)

    Standard Practice for Preparation of Samples for Identification of Waterborne Oils

    Active Standard ASTM D3326 | Developed by Subcommittee: D19.06

    Book of Standards Volume: 11.02


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 Identification of a recovered oil is determined by comparison with known oils selected because of their possible relationship to the particular recovered oil, for example, suspected or questioned sources. Thus, samples of such known oils must be collected and submitted along with the unknown for analysis. It is unlikely that identification of the sources of an unknown oil by itself can be made without direct matching, that is, solely with a library of analyses.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice covers the preparation for analysis of waterborne oils recovered from water. The identification is based upon the comparison of physical and chemical characteristics of the waterborne oils with oils from suspect sources. These oils may be of petroleum or vegetable/animal origin, or both. Seven procedures are given as follows:

     

    Sections

    Procedure A (for samples of more than 50-mL volume containing significant quantities of hydrocarbons with boiling points above 280°C)

    8 to 12

    Procedure B (for samples containing significant quantities of hydrocarbons with boiling points above 280°C)

    13 to 17

    Procedure C (for waterborne oils containing significant amounts of components boiling below 280°C and to mixtures of these and higher boiling components)

    18 to 22

    Procedure D (for samples containing both petroleum and vegetable/animal derived oils)

    23 to 27

    Procedure E (for samples of light crudes and medium distillate fuels)

    28 to 34

    Procedure F (for thin films of oil-on-water)

    35 to 39

    Procedure G (for oil-soaked samples)

    40 to 44

    1.2 Procedures for the analytical examination of the waterborne oil samples are described in Practice D3415 and Test Methods D3328, D3414, and D3650. Refer to the individual oil identification test methods for the sample preparation method of choice. The deasphalting effects of the sample preparation method should be considered in selecting the best methods.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific caution statements are given in Sections 6 and 32.

    1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D95 Test Method for Water in Petroleum Products and Bituminous Materials by Distillation

    D1129 Terminology Relating to Water

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D3325 Practice for Preservation of Waterborne Oil Samples

    D3328 Test Methods for Comparison of Waterborne Petroleum Oils by Gas Chromatography

    D3414 Test Method for Comparison of Waterborne Petroleum Oils by Infrared Spectroscopy

    D3415 Practice for Identification of Waterborne Oils

    D3650 Test Method for Comparison of Waterborne Petroleum Oils By Fluorescence Analysis

    D4489 Practices for Sampling of Waterborne Oils

    E1 Specification for ASTM Liquid-in-Glass Thermometers

    E133 Specification for Distillation Equipment


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.080 (Petroleum products in general)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 81131504(Sampling surveys)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D3326-07R17

    Citation Format

    ASTM D3326-07(2017), Standard Practice for Preparation of Samples for Identification of Waterborne Oils, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.org

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