ASTM D3322 - 82(2017)

    Standard Practice for Testing Primers and Primer Surfacers Over Preformed Metal

    Active Standard ASTM D3322 | Developed by Subcommittee: D01.55

    Book of Standards Volume: 06.02


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 Primers and primer surfacers may be used over many different surfaces top coated with one or more of a variety of coatings and subjected to many kinds of wear and exposure.

    4.2 The selection of the tests to be used for any given product or system must be governed by experience and by the requirement agreed upon between the producer and the user.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice covers the selection and use of procedures for testing primers and primer surfacers. The test methods included are listed in Table 1.

    TABLE 1 Test Methods

    Property

    Section

    ASTM Method

    Federal Test
    Method Specification No. 141B

    Abrasion resistance:

     

     

     

     Air blast abrasion tester
     Falling sand method

    6.2
    6.2

    D658
    D968

    ...
    6191

    Adhesion:

     

     

     

     Scrape adhesion

    6.3

    D2197

    6303.1

     Parallel-groove adhesion

    6.3

    D2197

    6302.1

     Tape adhesion

    6.3

    D3359

    ...

    Chemical resistance:

     

     

     

     Household chemical resistance

    6.4.2

    D1308

    ...

     Detergent resistance

    6.4.3

    D2248

     

     Hydrocarbon resistance

    6.4.4

    ...

    6011

    Chip resistance

    6.5

    D3170

    ...

    Color difference:

     

     

     

     Visual evaluation
     Instrumental evaluation

    6.6
    6.6

    D1729
    D2244

    4249.1
    6123

    Cracking resistance

    6.7

    D2246

    ...

    Elongation:

     

     

     

     Conical mandrel
     Cylindrical mandrel

    6.8
    6.8

    D522
    D1737

    ...
    ...

    Filiform corrosion

    6.9

    D2803

    ...

    Gloss

    6.10

    D523

    6101

    Hardness

    6.11

    D1474

    ...

    Holdout

    6.12

    C540

    ...

    Mildew resistance

    6.13

    ...

    6271.1

    Outdoor exposure:

     

     

     

     Blistering

    6.14.2

    D714

    6461

     Cracking

    6.14.2

    D661

    6471

     Rusting

    6.14.2

    D610

    6451

     Checking

    6.14.2

    D660

    6421

    Print resistance

    6.15

    D2091

    ...

    Salt spray resistance

    6.16

    B117

    6061

    Sanding properties

    6.17

    ...

    6321

    Water resistance:

     

     

     

     High humidity
     Water immersion

    6.18.2
    6.18.3

    D1735
    D870

    ...
    ...

    Weldability

    6.19

    ...

    A

    (A) U.S. Military Specification MIL-P-46105 (MR).

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    B117 Practice for Operating Salt Spray (Fog) Apparatus

    C540 Test Method for Image Gloss of Porcelain Enamel Surfaces

    D16 Terminology for Paint, Related Coatings, Materials, and Applications

    D522 Test Methods for Mandrel Bend Test of Attached Organic Coatings

    D523 Test Method for Specular Gloss

    D609 Practice for Preparation of Cold-Rolled Steel Panels for Testing Paint, Varnish, Conversion Coatings, and Related Coating Products

    D610 Practice for Evaluating Degree of Rusting on Painted Steel Surfaces

    D658 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Organic Coatings by Air Blast Abrasive

    D660 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Checking of Exterior Paints

    D661 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Cracking of Exterior Paints

    D714 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Blistering of Paints

    D823 Practices for Producing Films of Uniform Thickness of Paint, Varnish, and Related Products on Test Panels

    D870 Practice for Testing Water Resistance of Coatings Using Water Immersion

    D968 Test Methods for Abrasion Resistance of Organic Coatings by Falling Abrasive

    D1005 Test Method for Measurement of Dry-Film Thickness of Organic Coatings Using Micrometers

    D1186 Test Methods for Nondestructive Measurement of Dry Film Thickness of Nonmagnetic Coatings Applied to a Ferrous Base

    D1308 Test Method for Effect of Household Chemicals on Clear and Pigmented Organic Finishes

    D1400 Test Method for Nondestructive Measurement of Dry Film Thickness of Nonconductive Coatings Applied to a Nonferrous Metal Base

    D1474 Test Methods for Indentation Hardness of Organic Coatings

    D1640 Test Methods for Drying, Curing, or Film Formation of Organic Coatings

    D1729 Practice for Visual Appraisal of Colors and Color Differences of Diffusely-Illuminated Opaque Materials

    D1730 Practices for Preparation of Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Surfaces for Painting

    D1731 Practices for Preparation of Hot-Dip Aluminum Surfaces for Painting

    D1732 Practices for Preparation of Magnesium Alloy Surfaces for Painting

    D1733 Method for Preparation of Aluminum Alloy Panels for Testing Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Products

    D1735 Practice for Testing Water Resistance of Coatings Using Water Fog Apparatus

    D1737 Method of Test for Elongation of Attached Organic Coatings with Cylindrical Mandrel Apparatus

    D2091 Test Method for Print Resistance of Lacquers

    D2092 Guide for Preparation of Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) Steel Surfaces for Painting

    D2197 Test Method for Adhesion of Organic Coatings by Scrape Adhesion

    D2201 Practice for Preparation of Zinc-Coated and Zinc-Alloy-Coated Steel Panels for Testing Paint and Related Coating Products

    D2244 Practice for Calculation of Color Tolerances and Color Differences from Instrumentally Measured Color Coordinates

    D2246 Test Method for Finishes on Primed Metallic Substrates for Humidity-Thermal Cycle Cracking

    D2248 Practice for Detergent Resistance of Organic Finishes

    D2454 Practice for Determining the Effect of Overbaking on Organic Coatings

    D2803 Guide for Testing Filiform Corrosion Resistance of Organic Coatings on Metal

    D3170 Test Method for Chipping Resistance of Coatings

    D3359 Test Methods for Rating Adhesion by Tape Test

    D3456 Practice for Determining by Exterior Exposure Tests the Susceptibility of Paint Films to Microbiological Attack


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 87.040 (Paints and varnishes)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31211500(Paints and primers)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D3322-82R17

    Citation Format

    ASTM D3322-82(2017), Standard Practice for Testing Primers and Primer Surfacers Over Preformed Metal, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.org

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