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    ASTM D3300 - 20

    Standard Test Method for Dielectric Breakdown Voltage of Insulating Liquids Under Impulse Conditions

    Active Standard ASTM D3300 | Developed by Subcommittee: D27.05

    Book of Standards Volume: 10.03


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    Significance and Use

    3.1 This test method is most commonly performed using a negative polarity needle or a sharp defined point to an opposing grounded sphere (NPS). The NPS breakdown voltage of fresh unused liquids measured in the highly divergent field in this configuration depends on the insulating liquid composition, decreasing with increasing concentration of aromatic, particularly polyaromatic, hydrocarbon molecules in liquids of petroleum origin and decreasing with ester molecular structure, either natural or synthetic.

    3.2 This test method may be used to evaluate the continuity of composition of an insulating liquid from shipment to shipment. The NPS impulse breakdown voltage of an insulating liquid can also be substantially lowered by contact with materials of construction, by service aging, particulate matter, and by other impurities. Test results lower than those expected for a given fresh liquid may also indicate use or contamination.

    3.3 Although polarity of the voltage wave has little or no effect on the breakdown strength of an insulating liquid in uniform fields, polarity does have a marked effect on the breakdown voltage in nonuniform electric fields.

    3.4 Transient voltages may also vary over a wide range in both the time to reach crest value and the time to decay to half crest or to zero magnitude. The IEEE standard lightning impulse test (see 2.2) specifies a 1.2 by 50-μs negative polarity wave.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of the dielectric breakdown voltage of insulating liquids in a highly divergent field under impulse conditions and has been found applicable to liquids of petroleum origin, natural and synthetic esters.

    1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D923 Practices for Sampling Electrical Insulating Liquids

    D2864 Terminology Relating to Electrical Insulating Liquids and Gases


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 29.040.10 (Insulating oils)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15121505(Transformer oil or insulating oil)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D3300-20

    Citation Format

    ASTM D3300-20, Standard Test Method for Dielectric Breakdown Voltage of Insulating Liquids Under Impulse Conditions, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.org

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