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Significance and Use
5.1 Sources of particulate and water-soluble gaseous fluorides in the atmosphere include the fertilizers, aluminum reduction plants, phosphate processors, steel mills, coal burning operations, brick and tile manufacturers, and various less significant sources (. Gaseous fluorides can cause adverse effects when ingested or inhaled by animals or humans, or absorbed by plants. The procedures documented in this test method provide a means of determining of particulate and water soluble gaseous fluoride in atmospheres. )
5.2 This test method provides a means of separation and collection of particulate and water soluble gaseous fluoride and provides samples that are convenient to analyze.
1.1 This test method provides a procedure for separation and collection of particulate and water-soluble gaseous fluorides from the atmosphere on a chemically treated filter and in an impinger. The sampling rate may vary from 30 L/min (1.0 ft3/min) to 15 L/min (0.5 ft3/min) for longer sampling periods depending on the atmospheric fluoride concentration. This test method is not intended to be applied to gaseous fluorine compounds that are not water-soluble.
1.2 There are several limitations of the test method:
1.2.1 Although the acid-treated, medium retentive, prefilter has been shown to allow passage of HF, it restricts passage of particulate matter only as small as about 1 μm. Thus, smaller particulate matter may pass through the filter and be collected in or pass through the impingers.
1.2.2 The maximum sample volume to be taken using this test method prior to changing the acid-treated prefilter is recommended as 12 m3. This recommendation is made to minimize any effects due to particulate matter build-up.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses after SI units are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific precautionary statements, see .
1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1071 Test Methods for Volumetric Measurement of Gaseous Fuel Samples
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D1356 Terminology Relating to Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres
D1357 Practice for Planning the Sampling of the Ambient Atmosphere
D2009 Practice for Collection by Filtration and Determination of Mass, Number, and Optical Sizing of Atmospheric Particulates
D3268 Test Method for Separation and Collection of Particulate and Gaseous Fluorides in the Atmosphere (Sodium Bicarbonate-Coated Glass Tube and Particulate Filter Method)
D3269 Test Methods for Analysis for Fluoride Content of the Atmosphere and Plant Tissues (Manual Procedures)
D3270 Test Methods for Analysis for Fluoride Content of the Atmosphere and Plant Tissues (Semiautomated Method)
E337 Test Method for Measuring Humidity with a Psychrometer (the Measurement of Wet- and Dry-Bulb Temperatures)
ICS Number Code 13.040.20 (Ambient atmospheres)
UNSPSC Code 77121500(Air pollution)
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ASTM D3267-20, Standard Test Method for Separation and Collection of Particulate and Water-Soluble Gaseous Fluorides in the Atmosphere (Filter and Impinger Method), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.orgBack to Top