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Significance and Use
5.1 A knowledge of the hydrocarbon composition of process streams and petroleum products boiling within the range 205 °C to 540 °C (400 °F to 1000 °F) is useful in following the effect of changes in process variables, diagnosing the source of plant upsets, and in evaluating the effect of changes in composition on product performance properties. This method, when used together with Test Method , provides a detailed analysis of the hydrocarbon composition of such materials.
1.1 This test method covers the determination by high ionizing voltage, low resolution mass spectrometry of 18 aromatic hydrocarbon types and 3 aromatic thiophenotypes in straight run aromatic petroleum fractions boiling within the range from 205 °C to 540 °C (400 °F to 1000 °F) (corrected to atmospheric pressure). Samples must be nonolefinic, must contain not more than 1 % by mass of total sulfur, and must contain not more than 5 % nonaromatic hydrocarbons. Composition data are in volume percent.
Note 1: Although names are given to 15 of the compound types determined, the presence of other compound types of the same empirical formulae is not excluded. All other compound types in the sample, unidentified by name or empirical formula, are lumped into six groups in accordance with their respective homologous series.
1.2 The values stated in acceptable SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are provided for information purposes only.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D2549 Test Method for Separation of Representative Aromatics and Nonaromatics Fractions of High-Boiling Oils by Elution Chromatography
D2786 Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types Analysis of Gas-Oil Saturates Fractions by High Ionizing Voltage Mass Spectrometry
E137 Practice for Evaluation of Mass Spectrometers for Quantitative Analysis from a Batch Inlet
ICS Number Code 75.080 (Petroleum products in general)
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ASTM D3239-91(2016), Standard Test Method for Aromatic Types Analysis of Gas-Oil Aromatic Fractions by High Ionizing Voltage Mass Spectrometry, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.orgBack to Top