ASTM D291 / D291M - 20

    Standard Test Method for Bulk Density of Crushed Bituminous Coal

    Active Standard ASTM D291 / D291M | Developed by Subcommittee: D05.15

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.06


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    Significance and Use

    3.1 This test method concerns the compaction of crushed coal to determine either its compacted or uncompacted bulk density, for purposes such as charging coke ovens.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers two procedures for determining the bulk density of crushed coal less than 37.5 mm [1.5 in.] in size, such as is charged into coke ovens, as follows:

    1.1.1 Procedure A—The cone procedure for determining an uncompacted bulk density.

    1.1.1.1 Standard Method—Procedure employs the use of a 115 mm [4.5 in.] chute opening and a measuring box having dimensions of 305 mm x 305 mm x 305 mm [12.0 in. x 12.0 in. x 12.0 in.].

    1.1.1.2 Alternate Method—Procedure employs the use of a 203 mm [8.0 in.] chute opening and a measuring box having dimensions of 203 mm x 203 mm x 305 mm [8.0 in. x 8.0 in. x 12.0 in.] for coals with a total moisture greater than 7 %.

    1.1.2 Procedure B—The dropped-coal procedure for determining a compacted bulk density, comparable to actual bulk densities attained in coke ovens.

    1.2 This test method is not applicable to the testing of powdered coal as used in boiler plants, nor to the determination of the bulk density of coal in storage piles.

    1.3 Units—The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D440 Test Method of Drop Shatter Test for Coal

    D2234/D2234M Practice for Collection of a Gross Sample of Coal

    D3038 Test Method for Drop Shatter Test for Coke

    D3302/D3302M Test Method for Total Moisture in Coal

    D4749 Test Method for Performing the Sieve Analysis of Coal and Designating Coal Size


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 73.040 (Coals)

    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/D0291_D0291M-20

    Citation Format

    ASTM D291 / D291M-20, Standard Test Method for Bulk Density of Crushed Bituminous Coal, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.org

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