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Significance and Use
Phenolic compounds are sometimes found in surface waters from natural and industrial sources. Chlorination of such waters may produce odoriferous, objectionable tasting chlorophenols. These compounds may include o-chlorophenol, p-chlorophenol, 2,6-dichlorophenol, and 2,4-dichlorophenol.
1.1 This test method covers a direct aqueous injection procedure for the gas-liquid chromatographic determination of phenols, cresols, and mono- and di-chlorophenols in water.
1.2 The precision and bias of the test method has been calculated from the results of interlaboratory analyses of three master solutions, each containing phenol, p-cresol, p-chlorophenol, 3,5-dichlorophenol.
1.3 The test method may be applied to waste water or concentrates that contain more than 1 mg/L of phenolic compounds. Therefore, for a comparison with Test Methods D1783, see Appendix X1.
1.4 The analyst should recognize that precision statements provided in 17.1 and 17.2 may not apply to waters of other matrices.
1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are provided for information only.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see Note 3."s00005">1.4 The guide is applicable to either packed or capillary column gas chromatography, including wide-bore capillary columns. Because of their greatly enhanced resolution, capillary columns are strongly recommended.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1129 Terminology Relating to Water
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D1783 Test Methods for Phenolic Compounds in Water
D3370 Practices for Sampling Water from Flowing Process Streams
D3856 Guide for Management Systems in Laboratories Engaged in Analysis of Water
D4210 Practice for Intralaboratory Quality Control Procedures and a Discussion on Reporting Low-Level Data
E260 Practice for Packed Column Gas Chromatography
E355 Practice for Gas Chromatography Terms and Relationships
ICS Number Code 13.060.50 (Examination of water for chemical substances)
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ASTM D2580-06(2012), Standard Test Method for Phenols in Water by Gas-Liquid Chromatography , ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2012, www.astm.orgBack to Top