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    ASTM D228 / D228M - 21

    Standard Test Methods for Sampling, Testing, and Analysis of Asphalt Roll Roofing, Cap Sheets, and Shingles Used in Roofing and Waterproofing

    Active Standard ASTM D228 / D228M | Developed by Subcommittee: D08.02

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.04

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    Significance and Use

    4.1 These test methods include procedures for sampling, examination, physical testing, and analyses of asphalt roll roofing, cap sheets, and shingles used in roofing and waterproofing. Other components of these materials are allowed to include, but are not limited to: felts, mats, films, foils, mineral stabilizers, papers, and mineral surfacing.

    4.2 These test methods include tests that are not required by every product standard that references Test Methods D228/D228M. The individual product standards are the authority for which tests are required for compliance. It is not prohibited to run tests in addition to those required in the product standards, but these test methods make no claim to their suitability or significance.

    4.3 A minimum of five random samples are required from lots equal to or less than 1000 packages. See Section 7 for sampling details.

    4.4 The results of a visual examination, physical testing, and compositional analysis are required for each sample. The analytical data are further used to compute the probable minimum and the probable range for the average mass of each of the components.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods cover procedures for sampling, examination, physical testing, and analyses of asphalt-containing materials used in roofing and waterproofing. These materials include but are not limited to roll roofing, cap sheets, and shingles. Any of these materials is allowed to be partially or fully coated, surfaced, or laminated, or a combination thereof.

    1.2 The test methods and procedures in this standard appear in the following order:






    Types of Roofing




    Mass and Area Determination


    Selection of Representative Specimens






    Mass Loss and Behavior on Heating


    Tear Strength


    Fastener Pull-Through Resistance


    Preparation and Selection of Small Test Specimens
    for Analyses


    Analysis of Glass Felt Products


    Analysis of Roofing Products with Organic Felts


    Ash of Desaturated Felt




    Adjusting Back Coating Fine Mineral Matter and
    Back Surfacing




    Precision and Bias

    1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D95 Test Method for Water in Petroleum Products and Bituminous Materials by Distillation

    D146/D146M Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Bitumen-Saturated Felts and Woven Fabrics for Roofing and Waterproofing

    D225 Specification for Asphalt Shingles (Organic Felt) Surfaced With Mineral Granules

    D1079 Terminology Relating to Roofing and Waterproofing

    D1922 Test Method for Propagation Tear Resistance of Plastic Film and Thin Sheeting by Pendulum Method

    D2178/D2178M Specification for Asphalt Glass Felt Used in Roofing and Waterproofing

    D2626/D2626M Specification for Asphalt-Saturated and Coated Organic Felt Base Sheet Used in Roofing

    D3462/D3462M Specification for Asphalt Shingles Made from Glass Felt and Surfaced with Mineral Granules

    D3909/D3909M Specification for Asphalt Roll Roofing (Glass Felt) Surfaced With Mineral Granules

    D4601/D4601M Specification for Asphalt-Coated Glass Fiber Base Sheet Used in Roofing

    D4897/D4897M Specification for Asphalt-Coated Glass-Fiber Venting Base Sheet Used in Roofing

    D4932/D4932M Test Method for Fastener Rupture and Tear Resistance of Roofing and Waterproofing Sheets, Roll Roofing, and Shingles

    D6380/D6380M Specification for Asphalt Roll Roofing (Organic Felt)

    F1667 Specification for Driven Fasteners: Nails, Spikes, and Staples

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 91.100.60 (Thermal and sound insulating materials)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30121601(Asphalt); 30151500(Roofing materials)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D0228_D0228M-21

    Citation Format

    ASTM D228 / D228M-21, Standard Test Methods for Sampling, Testing, and Analysis of Asphalt Roll Roofing, Cap Sheets, and Shingles Used in Roofing and Waterproofing, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2021, www.astm.org

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