ASTM D2172 / D2172M - 17

    Standard Test Methods for Quantitative Extraction of Asphalt Binder from Asphalt Mixtures

    Active Standard ASTM D2172 / D2172M | Developed by Subcommittee: D04.25

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.03


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 All of these test methods can be used for quantitative determinations of asphalt binder in asphalt mixtures and pavement samples for specification acceptance, service evaluation, control, and research. Each method prescribes the solvent or solvents and any other reagents that can be used in the test method.

    Note 2: Further testing of the asphalt mixture may be performed by using sieve analysis on the extracted aggregate, Test Method D5444, or recovering the extracted asphalt binder from solution by Test Method D1856, Practice D5404/D5404M, or Practice D7906 for asphalt binder property testing. When recovering the asphalt binder for property testing, all mineral matter should be removed from the effluent.

    Note 3: The quality of the results produced by this standard are dependent on the competence of the personnel performing the procedure and the capability, calibration, and maintenance of the equipment used. Agencies that meet the criteria of Specification D3666 are generally considered capable of competent and objective testing/sampling/inspection, etc. Users of this standard are cautioned that compliance with Specification D3666 alone does not completely ensure reliable results. Reliable results depend on many factors; following the suggestions of Specification D3666 or some similar acceptable guideline provides a means of evaluating and controlling some of those factors.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods cover the quantitative determination of asphalt binder content in asphalt mixtures and pavement samples. Aggregate obtained by these methods may be used for sieve analysis using Test Method D5444. This test is not appropriate for testing asphalt mixtures containing coal tar.

    1.2 Asphalt binder may be recovered using Test Method D1856, Practice D5404/D5404M, or Practice D7906.

    1.3 Units – The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard.

    1.4 The text of this standard references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the standard.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazards are given in Section 7.

    Note 1: The results obtained by these test methods may be affected by the age of the material tested, with older samples tending to yield slightly lower asphalt binder content. Best quantitative results are obtained when the test is made on mixtures and pavements shortly after their preparation. It is difficult to remove all the asphalt when some aggregates are used and some chlorides may remain within the mineral matter affecting the measured asphalt content.

    1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C128 Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), and Absorption of Fine Aggregate

    C670 Practice for Preparing Precision and Bias Statements for Test Methods for Construction Materials

    D70 Test Method for Density of Semi-Solid Bituminous Materials (Pycnometer Method)

    D604 Specification for Diatomaceous Silica Pigment

    D979 Practice for Sampling Bituminous Paving Mixtures

    D1461 Test Method for Moisture or Volatile Distillates in Bituminous Paving Mixtures

    D1856 Test Method for Recovery of Asphalt From Solution by Abson Method

    D2111 Test Methods for Specific Gravity and Density of Halogenated Organic Solvents and Their Admixtures

    D3666 Specification for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Testing and Inspecting Road and Paving Materials

    D5444 Test Method for Mechanical Size Analysis of Extracted Aggregate

    D6368 Specification for Vapor-Degreasing Solvents Based on normal-Propyl Bromide and Technical Grade normal-Propyl Bromide

    Federal Specifications

    O-T-634 (latest) normal Propyl Bromide, Technical Available from Standardization Documents Order Desk, Bldg. 4 Section D, 700 Robbins Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19111-5094, Attn: NPODS.


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 91.100.50 (Binders. Sealing materials); 93.080.20 (Road construction materials)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15121902(Grease)


    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30121500(Bituminous derivatives)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D2172_D2172M-17

    Citation Format

    ASTM D2172 / D2172M-17, Standard Test Methods for Quantitative Extraction of Asphalt Binder from Asphalt Mixtures, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.org

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