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    ASTM D1943 - 20

    Standard Test Method for Alpha Particle Radioactivity of Water 

    Active Standard ASTM D1943 | Developed by Subcommittee: D19.04

    Book of Standards Volume: 11.02


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This test method was developed for the purpose of measuring gross alpha radioactivity in water. It is used for the analysis of both process and environmental water to determine gross alpha activity which is often a result of natural radioactivity present in minerals.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the measurement of alpha particle activity of water. It is applicable to nuclides that emit alpha particles with energies above 3.9 MeV and at activity levels above 0.02 Bq/mL (540 pCi/L) of radioactive homogeneous water. This test method is not applicable to samples containing alpha-emitting radionuclides that are volatile under conditions of the analysis.

    1.2 This test method can be used for either absolute or relative determinations. In tracer work, the results may be expressed by comparison with a standard that is defined to be 100 %. For radioassay, data may be expressed in terms of alpha disintegration rates after calibration with a suitable standard. General information on radioactivity and measurement of radiation has been published in Refs (1-3)2 and summarized in Practices D3648.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1129 Terminology Relating to Water

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D2777 Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias of Applicable Test Methods of Committee D19 on Water

    D3370 Practices for Sampling Water from Flowing Process Streams

    D3648 Practices for the Measurement of Radioactivity

    D4448 Guide for Sampling Ground-Water Monitoring Wells

    D6001 Guide for Direct-Push Groundwater Sampling for Environmental Site Characterization

    D7282 Practice for Set-up, Calibration, and Quality Control of Instruments Used for Radioactivity Measurements

    D7902 Terminology for Radiochemical Analyses


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 13.060.60 (Examination of water for physical properties)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D1943-20

    Citation Format

    ASTM D1943-20, Standard Test Method for Alpha Particle Radioactivity of Water , ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.org

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