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Significance and Use
5.1 Open-beaker oxidative aging methods have been used for many years in laboratories of insulating liquid companies, electrical equipment manufacturers, and electric utility companies interested in the stability of electrical insulating liquids under oxidative conditions. They are particularly useful as a check on the continuity of production and shipment of insulating liquids. They are also useful as process and product checks for applicable type insulating liquids.
5.2 Specification limits for insulating liquids subjected to open-beaker oxidative aging by this method are established by agreement between individual producers and consumers of applicable type insulating liquids. These properties of the insulating liquid involved in specification limits for aging stability may be measured after the oxidative aging (and sometimes before aging) by appropriate test methods such as Test Methods , , , and or . Other test methods such as can be used when deemed appropriate.
1.1 This test method covers two procedures for subjecting electrical insulating liquids to oxidative aging:
1.1.1 Procedure A, without a metal catalyst, and
1.1.2 Procedure B, with a metal catalyst.
1.2 This test method is applicable to insulating liquids used as impregnating or pressure media in electrical power transmission cables if less than 10 % of the insulating liquid evaporates during the aging procedures. It applies and is generally useful primarily in the evaluation and quality control of unused insulating liquids, either inhibited or uninhibited.
1.3 This test method is applicable to study the long-term behavior of an insulating liquid being considered for free breathing transformers. An unsealed vessel aging procedure, in presence of air or oxygen, allows greatly increased oxidation rate of the liquid. This procedure is rapid and provides a controlled thermal stress assessment.
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
1.5 An open beaked test shall only be carried out on liquids with flash points at or above 130°C or 15°C above the oven temperature. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. See for a specific warning statement.
1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D445 Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
D664 Test Method for Acid Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Titration
D923 Practices for Sampling Electrical Insulating Liquids
D924 Test Method for Dissipation Factor (or Power Factor) and Relative Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Electrical Insulating Liquids
D971 Test Method for Interfacial Tension of Insulating Liquids Against Water by the Ring Method
D974 Test Method for Acid and Base Number by Color-Indicator Titration
D1169 Test Method for Specific Resistance (Resistivity) of Electrical Insulating Liquids
E145 Specification for Gravity-Convection and Forced-Ventilation Ovens
E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
ICS Number Code 29.040.10 (Insulating oils)
UNSPSC Code 15121505(Transformer oil or insulating oil)
|Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)|
ASTM D1934-20, Standard Test Method for Oxidative Aging of Electrical Insulating Liquids by Open-Beaker Method, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.orgBack to Top