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Significance and Use
5.1 Phenolic compounds are sometimes found in surface waters from natural and industrial sources. Their presence in streams and other waterways frequently will cause off flavor in fish tissue and other aquatic food.
5.2 Chlorination of waters containing phenols may produce chlorophenols that are odoriferous and objectionable tasting.
1.1 These test methods cover the preparation of the sample and the determination of the concentration of phenolic compounds in water. They are based on the color reaction of phenol (C6H5OH) with 4-aminoantipyrine and any color produced by the reaction of other phenolic compounds is reported as phenol. The concentration of phenol measured represents the minimum concentration of phenolic compounds present in the sample.
1.2 Phenolic compounds with a substituent in the para position may not quantitatively produce color with 4-aminoantipyrine. However, para substituents of phenol such as carboxyl, halogen, hydroxyl, methoxyl, or sulfonic acid groups do produce color with 4-aminoantipyrine.
1.3 These test methods address specific applications as follows:
Test Method A—Chloroform Extraction
0 to 100 μg/L
Test Method B—Direct Photometric
1.4 It is the users’ responsibility to assure the validity of the standard test method for use in their particular matrix of interest.
1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements see and .
1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1129 Terminology Relating to Water
D1192 Guide for Equipment for Sampling Water and Steam in Closed Conduits
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D1293 Test Methods for pH of Water
D2777 Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias of Applicable Test Methods of Committee D19 on Water
D3370 Practices for Sampling Water from Flowing Process Streams
D5810 Guide for Spiking into Aqueous Samples
D5847 Practice for Writing Quality Control Specifications for Standard Test Methods for Water Analysis
ICS Number Code 13.060.50 (Examination of water for chemical substances)
UNSPSC Code 70171601(Water quality management)
|Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)|
ASTM D1783-01(2020), Standard Test Methods for Phenolic Compounds in Water, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.orgBack to Top