ASTM D178 - 19

    Standard Specification for Rubber Insulating Matting

    Active Standard ASTM D178 | Developed by Subcommittee: F18.25

    Book of Standards Volume: 10.03


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    Abstract

    This specification covers the acceptance testing of insulating rubber matting that are used as a floor covering for the personal protection of workers. The sheeting shall be made from any elastomer or combination of elastomeric compounds. Two types of matting, differing in chemical and physical characteristics, are provided and are designated as Type I, which has been properly vulcanized, and Type II, which has one or more of the following special properties: (A) ozone resistance; (B) flame resistance; and (C) oil resistance. Five classes of matting, designated as Classes 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4, are assigned according to electrical protection characteristics. When evaluated in accordance with the test procedures detailed herein, the matting shall adhere to the following property requirements: electrical properties such as phase-phase maximum use voltage, AC and DC proof-test voltages, AC and DC dielectric breakdown test voltages, and AC and DC electrode clearances; an physical and chemical properties such as moisture absorption, oil resistance, tensile strength, tension set, elongation, resistance to accelerated heat aging, and flame resistance.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    Significance and Use

    X1.3 Significance and Use

    X1.3.1 Tests made on a cellular plastic under conditions herein prescribed can be of considerable value in comparing the rate of burning and/or extent and time of burning of different materials, in controlling manufacturing processes, or as a measure of deterioration or change in burning characteristics prior to or during use.

    X1.3.2 This test method is not intended to be a criterion for fire hazard. The fire hazard created by materials depends upon the form and end use of the material. Assessment of fire hazard includes, but is not limited to, many factors, such as, ease of ignition, burning rate, flame spread, fuel contribution, intensity of burning, and products of combustion.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers acceptance testing of rubber insulating matting for use as a floor covering for protection of workers.

    1.2 Two types of matting, differing in chemical and physical characteristics, are provided and are designated as Type I and Type II matting.

    1.3 The following safety hazards caveat applies only to the test method portion, Sections 17 to 19, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    Note 1: Rubber insulating matting should remain flexible for use through normal temperature ranges.

    Note 2: Rubber as used in this specification is a generic term that includes elastomers and elastomer compounds, regardless of origin.

    1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D149 Test Method for Dielectric Breakdown Voltage and Dielectric Strength of Solid Electrical Insulating Materials at Commercial Power Frequencies

    D297 Test Methods for Rubber ProductsChemical Analysis

    D412 Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic ElastomersTension

    D471 Test Method for Rubber PropertyEffect of Liquids

    D518 Test Method for Rubber Deterioration--Surface Cracking

    D570 Test Method for Water Absorption of Plastics

    D573 Test Method for RubberDeterioration in an Air Oven

    D1564 Testing Flexible Cellular Materials--Slab Urethane Foam; Replaced by D 3574

    D1565 Specification for Flexible Cellular MaterialsVinyl Chloride Polymers and Copolymers (Open-Cell Foam)3

    D1692 Method of Test for Rate of Burning or Extent and Time of Burning of Cellular Plastics Using a Specimen Supported by a Horizontal Screen

    D2406 Methods of Testing Flexible Cellular Materials-Molded Urethane Foam; Replaced by D 3574

    D3014 Test Method for Flame Height, Time of Burning, and Loss of Mass of Rigid Thermoset Cellular Plastics in a Vertical Position


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 29.035.20 (Plastic and rubber insulating materials)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 56121303(Rubber brush floor matting)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D0178-19

    Citation Format

    ASTM D178-19, Standard Specification for Rubber Insulating Matting, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2019, www.astm.org

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