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This test method covers commercial synthetic detergents and built detergent formulations that do not contain organic additives such as amides. This test method involves measurement of the ultraviolet absorbance of the sample at the maximum absorbance point for sodium alkylbenzene sulfonate and at a selected background point in order to determine the amount of active ingredient present. The percentage of alcohol-soluble matter, absorptivity value and percentage of active ingredient shall be calculated in accordance to the specified requirements.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This test method covers commercial synthetic detergents and built detergent formulations that do not contain organic additives such as amides. Optical dyes and materials normally found in formulated detergents do not interfere; however, materials other than sulfonates that possess strong ultraviolet absorptions must be absent. The indicated sample size and aliquoting scheme is based on samples containing 30 to 40% of active ingredient.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Material Safety Data Sheets are available for reagents and materials. Review them for hazards prior to usage.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D460 Test Methods for Sampling and Chemical Analysis of Soaps and Soap Products
D1568 Test Methods for Sampling and Chemical Analysis of Alkylbenzene Sulfonates
D3049 Test Method for Synthetic Anionic Ingredient by Cationic Titration
D4251 Test Method for Active Matter in Anionic Surfactants by Potentiometric Titration
E275 Practice for Describing and Measuring Performance of Ultraviolet and Visible Spectrophotometers
ICS Number Code 71.100.40 (Surface active agents)
UNSPSC Code 12161902(Detergent surfactants)
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ASTM D1768-89(2016), Standard Test Method for Sodium Alkylbenzene Sulfonate in Synthetic Detergents by Ultraviolet Absorption, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.orgBack to Top