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Significance and Use
5.1 The density or relative density of light hydrocarbons and liquefied petroleum gases is used in custody transfer quantity calculations or to satisfy transportation, storage, and regulatory requirements.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the density or relative density of light hydrocarbons including liquefied petroleum gases (LPG) having Reid vapor pressures exceeding 101.325 kPa (14.696 psi).
1.2 The prescribed apparatus should not be used for materials having vapor pressures higher than 1.4 MPa (200 psi) at the test temperature. This pressure limit is dictated by the type of equipment. Higher pressures can apply to other equipment designs.
1.3 The initial pressure hydrometer readings obtained are uncorrected hydrometer readings and not density measurements. Readings are measured on a hydrometer at either the reference temperature or at another convenient temperature, and readings are corrected for the meniscus effect, the thermal glass expansion effect, alternate calibration temperature effects and to the reference temperature by means of calculations and Adjunct to Guide for Petroleum Measurement Tables (API MPMS Chapter 11.1) or API MPMS Chapter 11.2.4 (GPA TP-27), as applicable.
1.4 Values determined as density or relative density can be converted to equivalent values in the other units or alternative reference temperatures by means of Interconversion Procedures API MPMS Chapter 11.5, or Adjunct to Guide for Petroleum Measurement Tables (API MPMS Chapter 11.1) or API MPMS Chapter 11.2.4 (GPA TP-27), as applicable.
1.5 The calculations required in Section shall be applied to the initial pressure hydrometer reading with observations and results reported as required by Section prior to use in a subsequent calculation procedure (measurement ticket calculation, meter factor calculation, or base prover volume determination).
1.6 contains a procedure for verifying or certifying the equipment for this test method.
1.7 The values in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. US Customary values shown in adjacent parentheses are for information only and may not be exactly equivalent. Both SI and customary units have been rounded so that they may not be exactly equivalent.
1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.9 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1250 Guide for Use of the Petroleum Measurement Tables
D1265 Practice for Sampling Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases, Manual Method
D1298 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method (API MPMS Chapter 9.1)
E1 Specification for ASTM Liquid-in-Glass Thermometers
E100 Specification for ASTM Hydrometers
API StandardsMPMS Chapter 11.2.2M MPMS Chapter 11.2.4 Temperature Correction for the Volume of NGL and LPG Tables 23E, 24E, 53E, 54E, 59E and 60E (joint standard with GPA TP-27) MPMS Chapter 11.5 Density/Weight/Volume Intraconversion
GPA StandardsGPA Technical Publication TP-27 Temperature Correction for the Volume of NGL and LPG, Tables 23E, 24E, 53E, 54E, 59E and 60E (joint standard with API MPMS Chapter 11.2.4)
ICS Number Code 75.080 (Petroleum products in general)
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ASTM D1657-12(2017), Standard Test Method for Density or Relative Density of Light Hydrocarbons by Pressure Hydrometer, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.orgBack to Top